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23. Performing Rescue Missions in the Church (James 5:19-20)

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My brothers and sisters, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone turns him back, he should know that the one who turns a sinner back from his wandering path will save that person’s soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

James 5:19-20 (NET)

How should we perform rescue missions within the church—restoring believers who have stumbled into sin, wrong doctrine, and potentially from the faith?

In Isaiah 53:6, Isaiah said this in describing Israel and the world in general: “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” The nature of sheep is to wander away from the flock and the shepherd. Certainly, this is true of all people in that we are born with a sin nature that suppresses the truth of God (Rom 1:18-21), so we can go our own way. However, even after repentance and belief in Christ, we still have a tendency to drift away from God. Because of this tendency even among those who are part of the church, we need to at times perform rescue missions, like shepherds—seeking to turn back those who have gone astray.

In fact, Christ gave a parable which pictures these rescue missions called the Parable of the Lost Lamb. In Matthew 18:10-14, Christ said,

See that you do not disdain one of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven. What do you think? If someone owns a hundred sheep and one of them goes astray, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go look for the one that went astray? And if he finds it, I tell you the truth, he will rejoice more over it than over the ninety-nine that did not go astray. In the same way, your Father in heaven is not willing that one of these little ones be lost.

Likewise, there are people in the church who have walked with us, ate dinner with us, prayed with us, and worshipped with us, but for some reason fall away from God—turn their backs on him and the church altogether.

Possibly having this parable in mind, James concludes this book by challenging believers to seek to restore those who have fallen away from God and his church. Therefore, in James 5:19-20, we learn principles about how to perform rescue missions—restoring erring believers back to Christ.

Big Question: What principles can be discerned from James 5:19-20 about performing rescue missions in the church—restoring erring believers back to Christ?

To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Understand that Lost People Are Part of the Visible Church

My brothers and sisters, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone turns him back, he should know that the one who turns a sinner back from his wandering path will save that person’s soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

James 5:19-20

When James talks about those wandering from the truth down the wrong path, it is clear that he is talking about a professing believer. He describes the person as “among you” (v. 19). However, with that said, he doesn’t seem to just be describing believers who have fallen into sin. Certainly, we should help all believers grow in holiness by helping them repent of sin (Gal 6:1), but this seems to be referring to those amongst the congregation who profess Christ but are not truly saved. We’ll briefly consider the alternative view which says this is referring to a true believer, but first we’ll look at evidences that this is a professing believer—one who is not truly saved.

Interpretation Question: What are evidences that James is dealing with a professing believer who is not saved instead of a true believer?

(1) Evidence that James is dealing with helping a professing believer repent unto salvation is the fact that this has been James’ chief goal in writing the letter. Throughout, he challenges those who profess faith but do not have godly works to prove that their faith is real. They were hearing God’s Word but not obeying it. James 1:22 says, “But be sure you live out the message and do not merely listen to it and so deceive yourselves.” If people listen to God’s Word but don’t practice it, they are deceived about their faith (cf. Matt 7:21). James 1:26 says, “If someone thinks he is religious yet does not bridle his tongue, and so deceives his heart, his religion is futile.” If we profess faith but it never changes how we speak, our religion is in vain (cf. Matt 15:18). James 1:27 says, Pure and undefiled religion before God the Father is this: to care for orphans and widows in their misfortune and to keep oneself unstained by the world.” If we profess to love God and others but dishonor and neglect the needy, our religion is not acceptable to God (cf. Matt 25:31-46, the Parable of the Sheep and Goats). James 4:4 says, “Adulterers, do you not know that friendship with the world means hostility toward God? So whoever decides to be the world’s friend makes himself God’s enemy.” If we profess devotion to God but we love the world with its evil values and ungodly practices, our profession is not genuine, and we are enemies of God (cf. 1 John 2:15). If our faith lacks good works, James actually says that our faith is dead, demonic faith—a faith that knows God, possibly fears him but doesn’t obey him. James 2:17-19 says,

So also faith, if it does not have works, is dead being by itself. But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith without works and I will show you faith by my works. You believe that God is one; well and good. Even the demons believe that—and tremble with fear.

The fact that James is talking about professing believers who are not saved is not just clear from the context of the book but also from within the passage. (2) Again, this wandering person is from “among” them (v. 19). (3) When James uses the word “sinner” in verse 20, this word is typically used of nonbelievers in Scripture, not believers (cf. Prov 11:31; 13:6, 22; Matt 9:13; Luke 7:37, 39; 15:7, 10; 18:13; Rom 5:8; 1 Tim 1:9, 15; 1 Pet 4:18).1 Consider a few of them: In Matthew 9:13, Christ said, “Go and learn what this saying means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice.’ For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.” Also, Romans 5:8 says, “But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” First Peter 4:18 says, “And if the righteous are barely saved, what will become of the ungodly and sinners?” John MacArthur’s comments on the word “sinner” are helpful:

The term sinner frequently describes hardened unbelievers, those who openly, defiantly disregard God’s law; those whose evil character is apparent to everyone; those whose wickedness is common knowledge2

James believed that in the local church there are those who associate with the body of believers, including serving and leading, who might not be saved (cf. Matt 7:22-23). They were “sinners” in the sense that they had never received the imputed righteousness of Christ (2 Cor 5:21).

(4) In addition, when James says if we turn the person back, we “save that person’s soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins” (v. 20), “death” seems to refer to eternal death (cf. Rom 6:23, Rev 20:14). Covering a “multitude of sins” would then refer to being forgiven in salvation.

With that said, those who believe James is referring to a true believer tend to believe that “death” refers to this person dying an early death as a result of God’s discipline. In Scripture, sometimes as a form of discipline for an unrepentant believer, God will simply take them home. We saw this in the story of Ananias and Saphira in Acts 5:1-11. When they continually lied about selling their property and giving all their money to the apostles, God simply took them home. They immediately died and were buried. Likewise, in 1 Corinthians 11, when the Corinthian believers were getting drunk during the Lord’s Supper and disrespecting the poor, some of them were judged by becoming sick, some became weary (depressed), but some of them died (v. 30). It was a sin unto death. In 1 John 5:16-17, John warns about a sin unto death:

If anyone sees his fellow Christian committing a sin not resulting in death, he should ask, and God will grant life to the person who commits a sin not resulting in death. There is a sin resulting in death. I do not say that he should ask about that. All unrighteousness is sin, but there is sin not resulting in death.

For those who take this view, they do so based on the fact that the overall testimony of Scripture indicates that true believers cannot lose their salvation (cf. John 10:27-30, Rom 8:29-30), so they say “death” must be referring to the sin unto death. However, again, the context of the book and James’ use of the word “sinner” argue against that interpretation. James is writing to challenge believers about false faith (Jam 2:17-19). There were professing believers amongst the congregation who were never truly saved, and their lack of fruit proved it. If they didn’t repent, then they would experience eternal death. They would be like those in the last days who served Christ and called him, “Lord, Lord,” but he will reply to them by saying, “I never knew you. Go away from me, you lawbreakers!” (Matt 7:22-23).

Consequently, if we are going to do the ministry of restoration, we must first be convinced of what James believed—in every church there are wheat and weeds (Matt 13:36-43), good fish and bad fish (Matt 13:47-50), virgins with oil and virgins without oil (Matt 25:1-13), and sheep and goats (Matt 25:31-46). Understanding this reality will make us test the reality of our faith—are we bearing fruit of true repentance (Matt 3:8)? And, it also encourages us to help other brothers and sisters to turn away from lifestyles of sin, which ultimately may end in eternal death (Jam 1:14-15, 5:20). Consider the following verses: 2 Corinthians 13:5 says, “Put yourselves to the test to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize regarding yourselves that Jesus Christ is in you—unless, indeed, you fail the test!” Second Peter 1:10-11 says,

Therefore, brothers and sisters, make every effort to be sure of your calling and election. For by doing this you will never stumble into sin. For thus an entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, will be richly provided for you.

In Acts 26:20 (NLT), Paul said this about his gospel ministry:

I preached first to those in Damascus, then in Jerusalem and throughout all Judea, and also to the Gentiles, that all must repent of their sins and turn to God—and prove they have changed by the good things they do.

Likewise, in Matthew 3:8-10, John the Baptist preached this to the Jews:

Therefore produce fruit that proves your repentance, and don’t think you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you that God can raise up children for Abraham from these stones! Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.

After writing a letter about true faith, James calls the church on a rescue mission to save those within the church. Some are not convinced that there are many in the church who are lost. They think as long as at some point they said the sinner’s prayer or went through confirmation, they are OK in the sense of their eternal salvation. Therefore, they neglect this ministry. Scripture teaches that every tree that doesn’t bear good fruit will be thrown into the fire (Matt 3:10). Yes, we must seek to turn back those who have fallen into sin, but we also must be aware that a lifestyle of unrepentance might prove that they lack salvation. Ephesians 5:3-6 says,

But among you there must not be either sexual immorality, impurity of any kind, or greed, as these are not fitting for the saints. Neither should there be vulgar speech, foolish talk, or coarse jesting—all of which are out of character—but rather thanksgiving. For you can be confident of this one thing: that no person who is immoral, impure, or greedy (such a person is an idolater) has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. Let nobody deceive you with empty words, for because of these things God’s wrath comes on the sons of disobedience.

Application Question: Why is performing rescue missions so important within the church? Which view do you agree with—that “death” in James 5:20 refers to the early death of a believer as a judgment or that it refers to eternal death, that the professing believer wasn’t saved?

To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Recognize the Warning Signs

…if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone turns him back, he should know that the one who turns a sinner back from his wandering path…

James 5:19-20

Observation Question: What are some common warning signs of believers falling away from the faith or their lacking genuine faith, as demonstrated in James 5:19-20?

Like a lifeguard surveying a beach looking for signs of distress, those who are going to perform rescue missions in the church must be aware of signs of distress or danger amongst professing believers. James mentions two in the text: “wanders from the truth” (v. 19) and “wandering path” or “error of his way” as in the NIV (v. 20). These represent both doctrinal error and error in practice. This makes perfect sense. For some in the church, practicing or condoning the sins of others leads them to change their doctrine. They just can’t believe their friends that don’t accept Christ as their Lord and Savior are going to hell, so they are drawn to a universal salvation understanding of Scripture. They can’t believe that sex between two loving, unmarried people is wrong—whether that be heterosexual or homosexual sex—so they start to adopt an antinomian understanding of Scripture—living without biblical laws. “As long as we have faith in God, it doesn’t matter how we live!” they say. For others, instead of practice leading to wrong doctrine, wrong doctrine leads to wrong practice. They start off listening to the wrong podcasts, hearing wrong doctrine in their classrooms or church services, or hearing the liberal views of their friends while in conversation. Eventually, they accept these views, which changes their practice. These are danger signs that we need to be aware of—wrong views of Scripture, especially in the area of foundational doctrines, and wrong practices, which are often vigorously condoned and defended. For example, watch out for these specific warning signs:

1. Be careful of views that teach there are errors in Scripture and that the Bible or parts of the Bible are not trustworthy.

Satan’s first temptation was, “Did God really say that?” (Gen 3:1 paraphrase). Likewise, when people start to not believe all of Scripture, they soon doubt the creation story, then the miracles in the Bible including the virgin birth, the existence of a real hell, and then they doubt the resurrection of Jesus which is the foundation of our faith (1 Cor 15:14, 17). It’s a very slippery slope.

Again, a major warning sign is when people start doubting the validity of Scripture. In John 8:31, Jesus said, “If you continue to follow my teaching, you are really my disciples.” Therefore, people who don’t continue in God’s Words are not true disciples.

2. Be careful of errant views about Jesus.

In 1 John 4:1-3, John said,

Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to determine if they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses Jesus as the Christ who has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God, and this is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming, and now is already in the world.

The cult indoctrinating the church of Ephesus attacked the humanity of Jesus. They believed he was God but not man. Likewise, be careful of any type of doctrine that denies either the humanity or deity of Jesus. That is the spirit of the antichrist according to John. This is why many would call Jehovah’s Witnesses and Mormons a cult because of their errant doctrines about Jesus Christ. He is not God or originally was an angel.

These errant teachings saturated the early church so much that John later wrote the same thing in 2 John 1:7-10:

For many deceivers have gone out into the world, people who do not confess Jesus as Christ coming in the flesh. This person is the deceiver and the antichrist! Watch out, so that you do not lose the things we have worked for, but receive a full reward. Everyone who goes on ahead and does not remain in the teaching of Christ does not have God. The one who remains in this teaching has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house and do not give him any greeting

We must make sure that we and our brothers and sisters remain in the orthodox teachings about Christ.

3. Be careful of any doctrine that changes the gospel.

In Galatians 1:6-9, consider Paul’s warning to the Galatians:

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are following a different gospel—not that there really is another gospel, but there are some who are disturbing you and wanting to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we (or an angel from heaven) should preach a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be condemned to hell! As we have said before, and now I say again, if any one is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, let him be condemned to hell!

In verses 8 and 9, he said that those with a different gospel should be “condemned to hell” or “accursed” (ESV). This was very serious to Paul. For the Galatians, there was a cult adding the necessity of works, like being circumcised or following the law, to be saved. We are saved by grace through faith and not by any works (Eph 2:8-9), including going to church, taking the Lord’s Supper, giving to the poor, and being baptized. Works is a necessary fruit of salvation (Jam 2:17, Eph 2:10), but it is not the root of salvation.

When someone accepts any doctrines that add works to the gospel, such as in Catholicism or those who add the need for baptism to be saved, then those are major warning signs. In addition, we should be aware of those who would remove the need for repentance in the gospel or accepting Christ as our personal Lord. Some advocate a gospel without the need for repentance or even following Christ as our Lord. As long as we believe that Jesus died on the cross and rose from the dead for our sins, then we are saved. We don’t need to follow him at all, they say! That is not a true gospel. Be extremely careful of any views that change the gospel—our need for faith in Christ and repentance of sins.

4. Be careful of those who would deny the need for holiness after salvation, either through doctrine or practicing unrepentant sin—again the antinomian error.

Again, in Ephesians 5:3-6, Paul said,

But among you there must not be either sexual immorality, impurity of any kind, or greed, as these are not fitting for the saints. Neither should there be vulgar speech, foolish talk, or coarse jesting—all of which are out of character—but rather thanksgiving. For you can be confident of this one thing: that no person who is immoral, impure, or greedy (such a person is an idolater) has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. Let nobody deceive you with empty words, for because of these things God’s wrath comes on the sons of disobedience.

There were some professing and practicing a licentious view of God’s law and therefore trying to deceive believers to do the same in the church of Ephesus. Paul said don’t let anyone deceive you about this. People who live like this will not enter the kingdom of God. True salvation—true faith—is proved by a life of obedience to God’s Word—not a perfect life, but a life that is striving to grow in holiness. In Matthew 7:21, Christ said, “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter into the kingdom of heaven—only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven.”

If we are going to perform rescue missions in the church, we must be aware of the danger signs—errors in major doctrines and unrepentant sins, which are typically vigorously condoned and defended by those practicing it.

Application Question: How have you experienced believers who have these warning signs—errors in foundational doctrines or defending and practicing unrepentant sin?

To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Reach Out to Those Who Have Wandered

My brothers and sisters, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone turns him back, he should know that the one who turns a sinner back from his wandering path will save that person’s soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.

James 5:19-20

Again, after James taught about the need of having a faith that works and the existence of demonic faith within the church, he concludes his letter by encouraging believers to try to turn these professing believers back to God and away from wrong doctrine and sinful behavior. Most times, those “wandering” will already have left the church or only occasionally attend. It is hard to stay in a church where the Word of God is being preached when a person is living in unrepentant sin or has cardinal doctrines that they disagree with. In 1 John 2:19, John said this about the cultist who previously attended the Ephesian church:

They went out from us, but they did not really belong to us, because if they had belonged to us, they would have remained with us. But they went out from us to demonstrate that all of them do not belong to us.

Therefore, to perform this ministry, often it will mean going outside the church to those who have stopped attending church altogether or who have gone to another church which accommodates their unbiblical views and practices. However, at times, their hearts have become so hardened to the truth that they actually stay in the church, with little to no conviction. If they have major doctrinal errors, they will sometimes try to recruit others into their error. Either way, James challenges the church to reach out to them, so they can be restored to God and his people and ultimately saved.

Application Question: How should we practically perform rescue missions for those who have wandered from the truth in doctrine and/or practice?

1. Throughout the process, we must pray for the wandering person.

In 1 John 5:6, John said, “If anyone sees his fellow Christian committing a sin not resulting in death, he should ask, and God will grant life to the person who commits a sin not resulting in death.” Wandering believers must continually be the object of our prayers.

2. We must make sure that we have the correct information.

Often rumors go around that so and so is living in sin or teaching errant doctrine. We should confirm the truth first by talking with those who are sharing such things. It may actually be only a rumor or gossip. In those cases, those sharing may need to be gently corrected. At times, the only way to confirm the information is to approach the person who is supposedly doing such things. When doing this, it must be approached very humbly, affirming your care for them, with a recognition that what you want to talk about might simply be a mistake or miscommunication. Either way, to do this ministry, we need to confirm what’s true.

3. We must discern who would be best to approach the person.

In Galatians 6:1, Paul said this about performing restoration ministry: “Brothers and sisters, if a person is discovered in some sin, you who are spiritual restore such a person in a spirit of gentleness. Pay close attention to yourselves, so that you are not tempted too.” Paul says those who are “spiritual” should be the ones to perform this ministry. He is not saying it should only be the elders or spiritual leaders of the church. This ministry is given to the body of Christ (cf. Matt 18:15-17), but if we are very young or new in the faith, then we should probably defer to somebody more spiritually mature. When dealing with false doctrine or ungodly practices, the spiritually immature are prone to be confused and deceived by that doctrine or tempted in the very same sin.

In addition, the best people to do this ministry are not only the spiritually mature but also those who have a relationship with the person in error. Having an intimate relationship with that person may make him or her more prone to listen. Therefore, we must ask ourselves, “Are we the right person to reach out to them, and if not, who?”

4. Before confronting the person, we must arm ourselves with relevant Scriptures.

In teaching about spiritual warfare, Paul talked about using “the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God” (Eph 6:17). If a wandering believer is struggling with some doctrine, we should study up on it. If he is living in some sin, we should likewise be prepared with Scriptures which focus on that area. If it is possibly a professing believer who lacks genuine faith, we should arm ourselves with Scriptures that both warn and provide the ability for a person to test their faith. For example, the whole book of 1 John has tests of salvation (cf. 1 John 5:13). One widely applicable one is 1 John 3:9-10. It says,

Everyone who has been fathered by God does not practice sin, because God’s seed resides in him, and thus he is not able to sin, because he has been fathered by God. By this the children of God and the children of the devil are revealed: Everyone who does not practice righteousness—the one who does not love his fellow Christian—is not of God.

When John says those who are saved do “not practice sin” (v. 9), he is not talking about being perfect (cf. 1 John 1:8), he is talking about a continual practice of sin—a lifestyle without repentance. James says the same thing but in the opposite way, “But be sure you live out the message and do not merely listen to it and so deceive yourselves” (Jam 1:22). If we simply listen to God’s Word and don’t practice it as a lifestyle, we’re not saved. In addition, John said if we don’t love fellow Christians, we’re not saved. First John 3:14 says, “We know that we have crossed over from death to life because we love our fellow Christians. The one who does not love remains in death.” This is the same thing Christ taught in John 13:35 when he said, “Everyone will know by this that you are my disciples—if you have love for one another.” If a person doesn’t faithfully attend church, meet with believers, and serve them, this is not just an obedience issue but also a love issue. When you love someone, at the minimum, you want to be around them, even if they are not perfect. Therefore, those who forsake the assembly of God fail the “love” test (cf. Heb 10:25, 1 John 3:14). Before approaching wandering believers, we need to arm ourselves with relevant Scriptures.

5. Throughout the discussion, we must be gentle and noncombative—trusting that God changes hearts, not us.

Second Timothy 2:24-26 (NIV) says,

And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but must be kind to everyone, able to teach, not resentful. Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth, and that they will come to their senses and escape from the trap of the devil, who has taken them captive to do his will.

If our manner in approaching them is harsh or rude, we may, inadvertently, close their hearts to God. This is part of the reason Paul said those who are “spiritual” should reach out to the person in error (Gal 6:1). The spiritual ones are less likely to be combative and push the erring person away from God. Our hope must be in God—not our logical arguments, loud voice, or temper. Ephesians 4:15 (NIV) says we must speak “the truth in love.”

6. If there is no repentance, we must be willing to follow the New Testament guidelines on church discipline, including, eventually, separating from them.

In Matthew 18:15-17, Christ said this:

If your brother sins, go and show him his fault when the two of you are alone. If he listens to you, you have regained your brother. But if he does not listen, take one or two others with you, so that at the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter may be established. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. If he refuses to listen to the church, treat him like a Gentile or a tax collector.

Because their souls are so important, (1) we reach out to them one-on-one, and (2) if there is no repentance, we reach out with one or two others, (3) then with the church, and (4) if they still don’t respond, we separate from them, in hopes that they will understand the gravity of their sin and repent.

In considering this final step, Paul said this to the Corinthians:

But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who calls himself a Christian who is sexually immoral, or greedy, or an idolater, or verbally abusive, or a drunkard, or a swindler. Do not even eat with such a person. For what do I have to do with judging those outside? Are you not to judge those inside? But God will judge those outside. Remove the evil person from among you.

1 Corinthians 5:11-13

7. Finally, throughout this process, we must be willing to take the risk of being misunderstood and even demonized, as we seek to help people who have gone astray.

Are there risks in seeking to help someone who has turned away from the truth? Certainly. They might curse us, stop being our friends, say bad things about us, or even try to fight us. However, truly loving people means opening ourselves up to be hurt by them. Someone said this ministry is kind of like trying to help a wounded dog; it’s very likely that you’ll get bit.3 Unfortunately, this is true. Christ did the same for us. He loved the world and, therefore, spoke the truth to them, and they crucified him for it. But God used Christ’s pain for good—to save the world. Often the pain we receive is something God can use to deliver a brother or sister from death and cover a multitude of sins. Therefore, we must willingly take these risks to rescue our brothers and sisters.

Application Question: How have you experienced performing rescue missions with wandering believers? What did you find most helpful in the process and not so helpful?


How can we perform rescue missions in the church—helping wandering brothers and sisters who have turned away from Christ in doctrine or practice?

  1. To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Understand that Lost People Are Part of the Visible Church
  2. To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Recognize the Warning Signs
  3. To Perform Rescue Missions, We Must Reach Out to Those Who Have Wandered

Prayer Prompts

  • Pray for God to protect our church members from the evil one and temptation, and if any are caught in some sin or false doctrine, that God may deliver them.
  • Pray for God to restore and heal those within denominations who have fallen into major error and practice—pray for God to restore his Bride.
  • Pray that God would give us his love and his wisdom so we can effectively reach out to those struggling or in rebellion.
  • Pray that God would strengthen our church through his Word and unify us through his love.

Copyright © 2021 Gregory Brown

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Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®) Copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. All rights reserved.

Scripture quotations marked (NLT) are taken from the Holy Bible, New Living Translation, Copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

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1 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1998). James (p. 286). Chicago: Moody Press.

2 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1998). James (p. 286). Chicago: Moody Press.

3 Accessed 9/22/2020, from

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