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19. Characteristics of the Man (or Woman) of God (1 Timothy 6:11-16)

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But you, as a person dedicated to God, keep away from all that. Instead pursue righteousness, godliness, faithfulness, love, endurance, and gentleness. Compete well for the faith and lay hold of that eternal life you were called for and made your good confession for in the presence of many witnesses. I charge you before God who gives life to all things and Christ Jesus who made his good confession before Pontius Pilate, to obey this command without fault or failure until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ—whose appearing the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, will reveal at the right time. He alone possesses immortality and lives in unapproachable light, whom no human has ever seen or is able to see. To him be honor and eternal power! Amen.

1 Timothy 6:11-16 (NET)

What are characteristics of a man or woman of God—someone mature in the faith?

In this text, Paul strikes a contrast between the false teachers and Timothy. He says, “But you, as a person dedicated to God, keep away from all that.” “A person dedicated to God” can also be translated “man of God.” It was a tremendous privilege for Timothy to be called a man of God. It is only used here and in 2 Timothy 3:17 in the New Testament. “This special designation was also given to Moses (Deut. 33:1), Samuel (1 Sam. 9:6), Elijah (1 Kings 17:18), and David (Neh. 12:24); so Timothy was in good company.”1 This title referred to somebody wholly possessed by God and who spoke for him. Where the false teachers were men of this world, Timothy was a man of God.

Sadly, there are few men and women of God in the church—those truly possessed, identified, and speaking for God. In general, the church is often full of the immature who typically reflect the world more than God. For example, when Paul wrote to the Corinthians, he called them infants in Christ and worldly in 1 Corinthians 3:1-3. He said,

So, brothers and sisters, I could not speak to you as spiritual people, but instead as people of the flesh, as infants in Christ. I fed you milk, not solid food, for you were not yet ready. In fact, you are still not ready, for you are still influenced by the flesh. For since there is still jealousy and dissension among you, are you not influenced by the flesh and behaving like unregenerate people?

He calls them worldly three times in three verses. Instead of feasting on the meat of God’s Word, they could only handle milk. Instead of being peacemakers, they were known for jealously and quarreling. Instead of being identified by godliness, they were identified by worldliness. Unfortunately, this typifies much of the church. What are characteristics of the mature in faith—men and women of God? How can we develop these qualities?

In 1 Timothy 6:11-16, Paul gives four commands to Timothy, the man of God, and a motivation to fulfill the commands. From these, we gain five characteristics of the man of God. As we study these, they challenge us to be men and women of God—those identified by their relationship with God, rather than people characterized by this world. Though these truths apply to both sexes, throughout this study, I will primarily use the male designation, man of God, as the text does.

Big Question: What characteristics of a man or woman of God can be discerned from 1 Timothy 6:11-16?

The Man of God Flees from Sin

But you, as a person dedicated to God, keep away from all that.

1 Timothy 6:11

“Keep away” from all that can be translated “flee.” The man of God is identified by what he “flees.” We might think that Paul would say, “Stand firm!” or “Fight!” Scripture calls us to stand firm against the attacks of the devil (Eph 6:11) and to resist him (James 4:7), but Paul doesn’t say that here. Some things the man of God must wisely flee. In the context, it has to do with the evils associated with loving money (1 Tim 6:3-10). However, the need to flee sin is taught throughout Scripture: believers are called to flee sexual immorality (1 Cor 6:18), idolatry (1 Cor 10:14), and youthful lusts (2 Tim 2:22). Like Joseph fleeing from Potiphar’s wife—the man of God should run when it comes to sin. It has the ability to trap, dominate, and destroy him.

The word flee comes from the Greek word “pheugo,” from which we get the English word “fugitive.”2 The man of God is a fugitive running from a potential captor—he doesn’t want to go back to sin; he knows the dangers of it. Therefore, he flees. The word “flee” is in the present tense—meaning that the man of God should constantly flee these things.

Some might not understand why the man of God doesn’t watch certain types of movies or listen to certain types of music. Why? It’s because he is a fugitive—he knows that sin has the ability to trap and conquer him. It is his recognition of his vulnerability that makes him strong. Proverbs 22:3 says, “A shrewd person sees danger and hides himself, but the naive keep right on going and suffer for it.”

Men and women of God are known by what they flee—ungodly language, ungodly entertainment, discord, sexual immorality, etc. Are you a person of God—a holy fugitive? What are you fleeing?

Application Question: Why is it so important for the man or woman of God to flee sin? Are there any specific compromises that you are especially vulnerable to?

The Man of God Pursues Godly Character

Instead pursue righteousness, godliness, faithfulness, love, endurance, and gentleness.

1 Timothy 6:11

Not only is the man of God known by what he flees but by what he pursues. Paul lists six godly character traits that the man of God pursues. The word “pursue” is sometimes translated “persecute.”3 It refers to eagerness and diligence in going after something. It implies that godly character doesn’t happen overnight. It is something that a person continually works at for the rest of his life.

Pastor Steve Cole shares a conversation between two NFL announcers about a famous football player named Walter Payton which illustrates the man of God’s pursuit of character:

During a Monday night football game, an announcer observed that the Chicago Bears’ running back, Walter Payton, had accumulated over nine miles in career rushing yardage. The other announcer remarked, “Yeah, and that’s with somebody knocking him down every 4.6 yards!” A Christian may get knocked down by sin every few yards, but he gets up and keeps moving toward righteousness. It’s his pursuit.4

Proverbs 24:16 says, “Although a righteous person may fall seven times, he gets up again, but the wicked will be brought down by calamity.” Perseverance marks the righteous. They won’t live in sin; they won’t accept defeat; they fall, but they just keep getting back up. They are in pursuit of looking like their Lord Jesus.

Are you pursuing godly character?

Observation Question: What are the six character traits Paul lists and how do we pursue them?

  1. Righteousness doesn’t refer to the believer’s imputed righteousness which we receive from Christ at salvation but outward righteousness. Because God saved us and made us righteous, believers should pursue a lifestyle of righteousness (Eph 2:10). This includes, but is not limited to, serving others, caring for the neglected, evangelizing the lost, discipling believers, and worshiping God. The man of God is in constant pursuit of these things.
  2. Godliness can be translated god-likeness. The word has the connotation of reverence for God.5 It focuses on inward qualities instead of outward ones. A godly person has a holy reverence about them—desiring to honor, please, and reflect God in everything.
  3. Faithfulness could mean dependability. The man of God is trustworthy in his endeavors. His yes means yes and his no means no. Or it could mean “faith”—daily depending on God as we abide in him and seek his face (cf. John 15:5). The man of God knows that on his own, he can do nothing, so he constantly abides in God’s Word and prayer. He has great faith in God. Are you pursuing greater faithfulness and greater faith?
  4. Love is the Greek word “agape”—referring to godlike love. Often in our culture we think that one shouldn’t have to work at love—it just happens. We just “fall in love,” as it is effortless. However, that is not true of biblical love. It is an act of the will that takes work and sacrifice. God commands us to not only love our neighbor but to love our enemy. We must work to love our enemy—we must stretch ourselves. It’s the same with loving others. Are you pursuing love?
  5. Endurance in the Greek means to “bear up under” something. It is how the man of God strives to go through trials and difficulties. Our natural response to trials is to quit or give up, but enduring bears gracious fruits in our lives. Romans 5:3-4 says we should rejoice in suffering because it produces perseverance (or endurance), perseverance creates character, and character hope. Sadly, instead of enduring, most waste the grace in trials by complaining, getting angry at people, and angry at God. If we endure, God can develop character in our lives through trials.
  6. Gentleness refers to our response to difficult people. Instead of responding in anger or with impatience, the man of God seeks to respond in a gentle manner. It has the connotation of power under control. How do you respond to difficult people?

Are you pursuing godly character? It doesn’t just happen—it must be continually pursued.

Application Question: If you had to pick one of the six character traits to focus on in your spiritual life, which would you choose and why?

The Man of God Fights for the Faith

Compete well for the faith

1 Timothy 6:12

Interpretation Question: What is Paul referring to when he says, “Compete well for the faith”?

“Compete well for the faith” can also be translated “Fight the good fight of the faith.” The man of God is not only known for what he flees and pursues, but also what he fights for. Paul says, “Fight the good fight of the faith.” What is he referring to? The presence of the article “the” seems to refer to the doctrines of the faith and not just belief in God. Fight literally means to “‘keep on fighting!’ It is a word from which we get our English word agonize, and it applies both to athletes and to soldiers. It describes a person straining and giving his best to win the prize or win the battle.”6 The Greek literally says, “agonize the good agony.”7

There is always a pain or agony that comes with fighting a battle; however, this fight is “good” because of what we are fighting for. Without this fight, the souls of men will be lost, Christians will be led astray from God’s best, and Satan will gain victory, even if only temporarily. Satan always attacks the doctrines of Scripture. He plants lies in people’s minds. He does this because he realizes what we believe affects how we live, and therefore if he can twist or taint what we believe, it will lead to loss or destruction.

For this reason, Timothy should guard and fight for the truth, even as Paul did. In 1 Timothy, Paul contends for the faith, as he does in most of his letters—combatting false teaching. The following verses support the importance of believers fighting for the faith:

Dear friends, although I have been eager to write to you about our common salvation, I now feel compelled instead to write to encourage you to contend earnestly for the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints.

Jude 1:3

O Timothy, protect what has been entrusted to you.

1 Timothy 6:20

Steve Cole’s comments on the fight for the faith are helpful:

The history of the Christian church consists of repeated battles where the enemy introduces destructive heresies, those heresies are confronted, and the truth is clarified and proclaimed. That’s what Paul is doing in First Timothy. Many other New Testament letters have the same polemic thrust. The great church councils and creeds, while not carrying Scriptural authority, were attempts to correct false teaching and to set forth sound teaching. The Reformation consisted of godly men like Luther and Calvin combatting the corruption and false doctrine that had permeated the Roman Catholic church and setting forth the great truths of Scripture.8

In addition, Steve Cole describes many of the great men of God and their battles throughout history, as he quotes J. Gresham Machen.

Tertullian fought Marcion; Athanasius fought the Arians; Augustine fought Pelagius; and Luther and Calvin fought the popes. He [J. Gresham Machen] concludes rightly, “It is impossible to be a true soldier of Jesus Christ and not fight” (cited in Fundamentalist Journal [3/83], p. 34). To persevere, we must flee worldliness; pursue godliness; and, fight the good fight of the faith.9

This is not only true on the macro-level as we consider the fundamental doctrines of the faith but any deception of Satan. When counseling or ministering to others, one must identify the lies that a person believes and insert the truth of God’s Word. Second Corinthians 10:4-5 says:

for the weapons of our warfare are not human weapons, but are made powerful by God for tearing down strongholds. We tear down arguments and every arrogant obstacle that is raised up against the knowledge of God, and we take every thought captive to make it obey Christ.

Though fighting is difficult and undesired, we must hope to be faithful like Paul. At the end of his life, he declared: “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith” (2 Tim 4:7 NIV).

Are you willing to fight the good fight of the faith?

Application Question: What are some of the major attacks on “the faith” happening in the church today? What does fighting for the faith look like practically?

The Man of God Takes Hold of Eternal Life

Compete well for the faith and lay hold of that eternal life you were called for and made your good confession for in the presence of many witnesses.

1 Timothy 6:12

Interpretation Question: What is Paul referring to when he says, “lay hold of that eternal life?”

The last command that Paul gives Timothy before seeking to motivate him is to “lay hold of that eternal life.” What does Paul mean by this? Isn’t Timothy already saved? Yes, the “call” referred to is God’s effectual call to salvation, which happened when Timothy repented of his sins and followed Christ as Lord (cf. Rom 8:29). His good confession probably refers to his subsequent baptism. But what does he mean by “lay hold of that eternal life?”

At times, Scripture refers to eternal life as something future and other times as a present reality. We see this in John 17:3 where Christ says that “this is eternal life” knowing God the Father and the Son. It is a present reality that we must seek and live out. This is exactly what Paul commands Timothy to do—to live out eternal life.

The word for “lay hold” can be translated “‘to take hold of, grasp … sometimes with violence’ or to ‘take hold of, in order to make one’s own.’”10 This word was used of an angry crowd “seizing” Paul and dragging him from the temple (Acts 21:30). Timothy already had eternal life but he needed to seize it and live it out—he needed to live out his sanctification.

There are many aspects of this eternal life that we must seize and pursue with violence. We pursue these through spiritual disciplines like prayer, time in God’s Word, fellowship with the saints, confession and repentance, and service. We must take hold of peace instead of anxiety and worry. Isaiah said that God keeps at perfect peace those whose minds are stayed on him (Is 26:3). We must take hold of joy, as we are commanded to rejoice in the Lord (Phil 4:4).

The man of God must seize eternal life and live it out daily. He should accept nothing less than the promises God has given him. We see Paul’s pursuit in Philippians 3:12. He says, “Not that I have already attained this—that is, I have not already been perfected—but I strive to lay hold of that for which Christ Jesus also laid hold of me.”

Are you taking hold of eternal life? Eternal life is not just for eternity. It is a quality of life that God desires us to live now, but we must violently seize it. Are you living it out? The man of God seizes eternal life and lives it out now. One day it will be fully ours at Christ’s coming or the rapture, whichever happens first. Then our bodies will be glorified, and we’ll fully experience what we currently have in Christ (Eph 1:3).

Application Question: How should one take hold of eternal life and seek to live it out now on earth? What aspects of eternal life do you feel God is calling you to grab hold of?

The Man of God Intimately Knows God

I charge you before God who gives life to all things and Christ Jesus who made his good confession before Pontius Pilate, to obey this command without fault or failure until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ—whose appearing the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, will reveal at the right time. He alone possesses immortality and lives in unapproachable light, whom no human has ever seen or is able to see. To him be honor and eternal power! Amen.

1 Timothy 6:13-16

Finally, Paul describes the greatest motivating factor for the man of God—God’s character. The more one knows God—the more God can use him for his kingdom. Paul’s message to Timothy is clear: ‘‘‘Though your calling is immense, the God who calls you is far greater—and he will enable you to do it.’”11 From there Paul charges Timothy based on God’s presence and character in order to motivate him to faithfulness.

It is the same way God challenged Moses. He called Moses to set Israel free, but Moses declared that he was slow of speech. In response, God said, “Who made the tongue?” Moses was challenged to be faithful based on his knowledge of God’s greatness. And this is true for each man or woman of God. The more they know God, the more they will be motivated to be faithful. Our hope must be in the character of the one who calls us (cf. Prov 18:10).

As we consider these aspects of God, it must challenge and encourage us to be faithful. Let us remember that greater is he that is in us than he that is in the world (1 John 4:4), and God can do more than we could ever ask or imagine (Eph 3:20).

Observation Question: What attributes of God does Paul focus on to motivate Timothy?

1. God’s Omniscience.

Paul charges him “before God who gives life to all things and Christ Jesus” (v. 13). God’s omniscience must challenge us to be faithful—he knows and sees all. Hebrews 4:13 says, “And no creature is hidden from God, but everything is naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must render an account.” God sees everything including our hearts. Christ said that we’ll give an account in the last days for every idle word (Matt 12:36). His omniscience should challenge and encourage us—especially as we realize that he also sees injustices that we encounter. He is the God who sees.

2. God’s Omnipotence.

Paul says God “gives life to all things” (v. 13). This focuses on God’s creation of the world, but also, in context, it may focus on God’s power to resurrect the dead. Paul describes how Christ gave the good confession before Pilate. Certainly, this would have been encouraging for Timothy to hear. If evil men threatened to kill Timothy, God could preserve him from death or ultimately resurrect him if he died—just as God did with Christ. Our God gives life to everything—he is the omnipotent, all-powerful God.

3. God’s Perseverance.

As Paul described Christ’s good confession before Pontius Pilate, it would challenge Timothy to be faithful to his calling, even through suffering. Christ bore mocking and pain. He did not flinch, quit, or give up. He witnessed for God even during severe trial. No doubt, Timothy needed to hear this as he was prone to timidity and fear. Christ went before us to provide encouragement and a model for us to follow. The author of Hebrews also used Christ’s perseverance to encourage suffering Christians. In Hebrews 12:2-3, he said:

keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of God. Think of him who endured such opposition against himself by sinners, so that you may not grow weary in your souls and give up.

Like the Hebrews, we must fix our eyes on Christ, our pioneer and savior, who persevered through suffering for us. This fixed look will encourage us to not grow weary or lose heart when we endure suffering.

4. God’s Parousia (Second Coming).

Interpretation Question: What command is Paul talking about in verse 14?

Paul says, “to obey this command without fault or failure until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ” (v. 14). What command is Paul talking about? Commentators are divided. It could refer to Paul’s admonitions to flee, pursue, fight, and take hold of or for him to be faithful to Paul’s instructions in the whole epistle. Others believe the command refers to Timothy being faithful to his call or to the whole of Scripture. Either way, he was to obey his orders “without fault or failure.”

Another motivation to fulfill these orders would be the coming of his commander—Christ. The second coming would encourage him to be faithful and should encourage us as well. Our Lord can come at any moment and therefore we must be ready. First John 3:2-3 says,

Dear friends, we are God’s children now, and what we will be has not yet been revealed. We know that whenever it is revealed we will be like him, because we will see him just as he is. And everyone who has this hope focused on him purifies himself, just as Jesus is pure).

The hope of Christ’s coming should motivate us to be without spot or blame in fulfilling God’s orders. The man of God keeps the second coming in view.

5. God’s Blessedness

What does Paul mean by God being blessed (v. 15)? MacArthur’s comments are helpful:

Makarios (blessed) means “happy,” “content,” or “fulfilled.” When used in reference to God, it describes His lack of unhappiness, frustration, and anxiety. He is content, satisfied, at peace, fulfilled, and perfectly joyful. While some things please Him and other things do not, nothing alters His heavenly contentment. He controls everything to His own joyous ends.12

Steve Cole adds:

The blessed God is the only source of true blessing and joy for His creatures. As Jesus taught in the Beatitudes, we can only know true happiness when we are rightly related to God who possesses such blessedness infinitely in Himself. We may find fleeting happiness in relationships or things. We may find passing pleasure in art, beauty, nature, or sex. But true and lasting satisfaction can only be found in God Himself who is blessed.13

No doubt, Timothy needed to refocus on God’s blessedness—his happiness and contentedness—as Timothy’s contentment was to be based on God and not his circumstances. This is important for the man or woman of God to comprehend and hold onto—true happiness comes from a right relationship with God.

Are you content and happy because of the blessed God?

6. God’s Sovereignty

Paul said that God was the “only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords” (v. 15). “Sovereign” can also be translated “Ruler.” Again, MacArthur’s comments are helpful:

Dunastēs (Sovereign) comes from a word group whose basic meaning is “power.” The adjective only shows that God’s power to rule is inherent in Himself, not delegated from an outside source. God is absolutely sovereign and omnipotently rules everything everywhere. He has no rivals, certainly not Satan, whom He created, cast out of heaven, and sentenced to eternal hell.14

God’s absolute rulership is amplified by the title “King of kings and Lord of lords.” This would have been important for Timothy and the Ephesians to hear as emperor worship was normative and demanded. God is over all kings.

The sovereignty of God is the most comforting doctrine in all of Scripture. Nothing happens in the universe apart from God’s sovereign power—not natural disasters, not the decisions of men, not works of the devil, and not seemingly chance events. Consider the following verses:

If disaster overtakes a city, is the Lord not responsible?

Amos 3:6

The dice are thrown into the lap, but their every decision is from the Lord.

Proverbs 16:33

The king’s heart is in the hand of the Lord like channels of water;

he turns it wherever he wants.

Proverbs 21:1

In Christ we too have been claimed as God’s own possession, since we were predestined according to the one purpose of him who accomplishes all things according to the counsel of his will

Ephesians 1:11

And we know that all things work together for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose

Romans 8:28

He himself is before all things and all things are held together in him.

Colossians 1:17

God is absolutely in control of all things. He hardens and softens hearts. He uses the devil for his purposes as seen in the story of Job. This is a mystery, but it is a mystery that gives great comfort to the man or woman of God. If God is totally in control, then they can have great peace because even bad things somehow work to their good (Rom 8:28). And on the flip side, if God isn’t totally in control, then why pray? Why pray if God doesn’t control man, the devil, and nature?

Timothy would be comforted to faithfully serve in the midst of false teachers, government persecution, and apathetic church members because of God’s sovereignty—he works out all things for his glory and his people’s good.

Application Question: In what ways do you take comfort and encouragement from God’s sovereignty? How does God’s sovereignty work when considering man’s “free will” and the evil works of Satan?

7. God’s Eternality

Paul said that God “alone possesses immortality” (v. 16). The word “immortality” literally means “free from death.”15 It is true that angels and demons never die and that humans will exist forever. However, angels, demons, and man came into existence—their immortality derives from God. God has always existed and will always exist. “Once again the apostle counters the cult of emperor worship. Although the Romans imagined the emperors to be immortal, Paul emphasizes that God alone possesses immortality.”16

8. God’s Holiness

Paul says that God dwells in an “unapproachable light” (v. 16). This refers to God’s inherent glory and holiness. When Christ revealed his glory to the disciples on the Mount of Transfiguration—his face shined like the sun (Matt 17:2). In addition, apart from God’s grace through Christ, man cannot approach God—at least not in his fullness. Hebrews 12:14 (NIV) says, “without holiness no one will see God.”

A tremendous motivation for the man of God is God’s holiness—there is no one like him and he cannot be accessed by sinful people. Hebrews 13:6 declares, “So we can say with confidence, ‘The Lord is my helper, and I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?’”

9. God’s Invisibility

Finally, Paul says, “whom no human has ever seen or is able to see” (v. 16). Man cannot fully see the glory of God and for that reason God revealed himself through theophanies—temporary appearances of God that can be discerned through the human senses. John 6:46 says, “(Not that anyone has seen the Father except the one who is from God—he has seen the Father.).” All that man has ever seen of the Father is his back and not his face. He ultimately revealed himself through the person of Jesus Christ.

As Paul considers all these perfect traits of God, he cannot but burst into praise. He says, “To him be honor and eternal power. Amen” (v. 16).

Why is it important for the man or woman of God to know God and his character? We see a great example in John Piper’s story about preaching the greatness of God, as shared by Steve Cole:

John Piper, a pastor in Minneapolis, writes about a Sunday when he decided to preach on the greatness of God in His holiness and majesty as revealed in Isaiah’s vision (Isa. 6). Normally, of course, Piper would have worked on applying such truth to his flock. But on that day he felt led to make a test of whether the portrayal of the greatness of God in and of itself would meet the needs of people.

What he didn’t realize was that not long before that Sunday one of the young families in his church had discovered that their child was being sexually abused by a close relative. This family was there that Sunday and sat under his message. Piper reflects, “I wonder how many advisers to us pastors today would have said: ‘Pastor Piper, can’t you see your people are hurting? Can’t you come down out of the heavens and get practical? Don’t you realize what kind of people sit in front of you on Sunday?’

Some weeks later he learned the story. The husband took him aside after a Sunday service and said, “John, these have been the hardest months of our lives. Do you know what has gotten me through? The vision of the greatness of God’s holiness that you gave me the first week of January. It has been the rock we could stand on” (in The Supremacy of God in Preaching [Baker], p. 10).17

As Paul challenges and encourages Timothy with the greatness of God, we too must encourage and challenge others with this knowledge. The more we know God, the more faithful we will be to him.

Are you growing in the knowledge of God? Are you helping others grow in this knowledge? It is not impractical or insensitive—it is the most practical and sensitive thing you can offer anybody. God is great, sovereign, and in control!

Application Question: Why is it important for believers to know God and his characteristics? Which characteristic of God stood out most to you and why? What resources would you recommend to a person for learning more about God’s characteristics?


In this passage, Paul contrasts the false teachers—men of this world—with Timothy—a man of God. From it, we learn characteristics of a man or woman of God—someone mature in the faith.

  1. The Man of God Flees from Sin
  2. The Man of God Pursues Godly Character
  3. The Man of God Fights for the Faith
  4. The Man of God Takes Hold of Eternal Life
  5. The Man of God Intimately Knows God

1 Wiersbe, W. W. (1996). The Bible exposition commentary (Vol. 2, p. 235). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

2 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 1 Timothy (p. 259). Chicago: Moody Press.

3 Accessed 9/17/16 from

4 Accessed 9/17/16 from

5 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 1 Timothy (p. 259). Chicago: Moody Press.

6 Wiersbe, W. W. (1996). The Bible exposition commentary (Vol. 2, p. 236). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

7 Hughes, R. K., & Chapell, B. (2000). 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus: to guard the deposit (pp. 153–154). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

8 Accessed 9/17/2016 from

9 Accessed 9/17/2016 from

10 Hughes, R. K., & Chapell, B. (2000). 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus: to guard the deposit (p. 154). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

11 Hughes, R. K., & Chapell, B. (2000). 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus: to guard the deposit (pp. 156–157). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

12 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 1 Timothy (pp. 273–274). Chicago: Moody Press.

13 Accessed 9/17/2016 from

14 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 1 Timothy (p. 275). Chicago: Moody Press.

15 Guzik, D. (2013). 1 Timothy (1 Ti 6:11–16). Santa Barbara, CA: David Guzik.

16 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 1 Timothy (p. 276). Chicago: Moody Press.

17 Accessed 9/17/16 from

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