The Covenants of Scripture:
Eternal covenant, Heb 13:20The redemptive covenant before time began, between the Father and the Son. By this covenant we have eternal redemption, an eternal peace from the God of peace, through the death and resurrection of the Son.
Edenic covenant, Gen 1:26-28The creative covenant between the Triune God, as the first party (Gen 1:26), and newly created man, as the second party, governing mans creation and life in Edenic innocence. It regulated mans dominion and subjugation of the earth, and presented a simple test of obedience. The penalty was death.
Adamic covenant, Gen 3:14-19The covenant conditioning fallen mans life on the earth. Satans tool (the serpent) was cursed (Gen 3:14); the first promise of the Redeemer was given (3:15); womens status was altered (3:16); the earth was cursed (3:17-19); physical and spiritual death resulted (3:19).
Noahic covenant, Gen 8:20-9:6The covenant of human government. Man is to govern his fellowmen for God, indicated by the institution of capital punishment as the supreme judicial power of the state (Gen 9:5-6). Other features included the promise of redemption through the line of Shem (9:26).
Abrahamic covenant, Gen 12:1-3; confirmed, 13:14-17; 15:1-7; 17:1-8The covenant of promise. Abrahams posterity was to be made a great nation. In him (through Christ) all the families of the earth were to be blessed (Gal 3:16; Jn 8:56-58).
Mosaic covenant, Ex 20:1-31:18The legal covenant, given solely to Israel. It consisted of the commandments (Ex 20:1-26); the judgments (social) - (Ex 21:1; 24:11) and the ordinances (religious); (Ex 24:12-31:18); also called the law. It was a conditional covenant of works, a ministry of condemnation and death (2 Cor 3:7-9), designed to lead the transgressor (convicted thereby as a sinner) to Christ.
Palestinian covenant, Deut 30:1-10The covenant regulating Israels tenure of the land of Canaan. Its prophetic features include dispersion of disobedience (Deut 30:1), future repentance while in dispersion (30:2), the Lords return (30:3), the restoration (30:4-5), national conversion (3:6), judgment of Israels foes (30:7), national prosperity (30:9). Its blessings are conditioned upon obedience (30:8, 10), but fulfillment is guaranteed by the new covenant.
Davidic covenant, 2 Sam 7:4-17, 1 Chr 17:4-15The kingdom covenant regulating the temporal and eternal rule of Davids posterity. It secures in perpetuity a Davidic house or line, a throne, and a kingdom. It was confirmed by divine oath in Ps 89:30-37 and renewed to Mary in Lk 1:31-33. It is fulfilled in Christ as the Worlds Saviour and Israels coming King (Acts 1:6; Rev 19:16; 20:4-6).
New covenant, Jer 31:31-33; Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24; Lk 22:20; Heb 8:8-12The covenant of unconditional blessing based upon the finished redemption of Christ. It secures blessing for the church, flowing from the Abrahamic covenant (Gal 3:13-20), and secures all covenant blessings to converted Israel, including those of the Abrahamic, Palestinian, and Davidic covenants. This covenant is unconditional, final and irreversible.