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15. The Passion Week

The Passion Week: Controversy, Prediction of Judgment and Return, Trial, Death, and Resurrection (Matthew 21:10–28:20; Mark 11:11–16:8; Luke 19:45–24:53)

    231. The Cleansing of the Temple and the Cursing of the Fig Tree (Mark 11:11-17; Matthew 21:10-19; Luke 19:45-46; conceptual, John 2:13-17; Aland # 271-273; Orchard # 291-293; Huck-Greeven # 212-214a)

      m Sheqalim 3.1

      Berakot 9.5

      Josephus, Antiquities 12.145; 15.417

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.85-87

      Josephus, Jewish War 6.283-285

      Tobit 14:5

      2 Maccabees 2:7

      1 Enoch 24–25; 89–90

      Jubilees 1:15-17

      1QM 2.5-6; 7.10

      4QpPsa

      11QTemplea 29.8-10

      1Qp Hab 9.4-5

      CD 5.6-7

      2 Samuel 5:8 LXX

      m Hagiga 1.1

    232. The Leadership Decides Against Jesus (Mark 11:18-19; Luke 19:47-48; Aland # 274; Orchard # 294; Huck-Greeven # 214b)

    233. The Explanation of the Fig Tree (Matthew 21:20-22; Mark 11:20-26; Aland # 275; Orchard # 295; Huck-Greeven # 215)

    234. By Whose Authority? (Matthew 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8; Aland # 276; Orchard # 296; Huck-Greeven # 216)

    235. The Parable of the Two Sons (Matthew 21:28-32; Aland # 277; Orchard # 297; Huck-Greeven # 217)

    236. The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen (Matthew 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 20:9-19; Aland # 278; Orchard # 298; Huck-Greeven # 218)

      Esther Rabbah 7.10

    237. The Parable of the Great Supper (Matthew 22:1-14; conceptual, Luke 14:15-24, see unit 197 above; Aland # 279; Orchard # 299; Huck-Greeven # 219)

      Sirach 13:9-10

      Ruth Rabbah, proem 7

      Josephus, Jewish War 2.450-456

      Josephus, Antiquities 9.264-266

    238. On Paying Tribute to Caesar (Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26; Aland # 280; Orchard # 300; Huck-Greeven # 220)

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.1.1

    239. Question about Resurrection (Matthew 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-40; Aland # 281; Orchard # 301; Huck-Greeven # 221)

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.16

      Josephus, Jewish War 2.164-165

      m Yebamot

      Josephus, Antiquities 4.254-256

      1 Enoch 15:6-7; 51:4; 104:4-6

      Testament of Abraham 4, 6a

      1QH 3.21-23

      1 Enoch 6–9

      1 Enoch 39:5; 102:2-4

      2 Baruch 51:10-11

    240. The Great Commandment (Matthew 22:34-40; Mark 12:28-34; conceptually, Luke 10:25-28; Aland # 282; Orchard # 302; Huck-Greeven # 222)

      Genesis Rabbah 24.7

      m Hagigah 1.8

      Mekilta 6

    241. The Question about David’s Son (Matthew 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37a; Luke 20:41-44; Aland # 283; Orchard # 303; Huck-Greeven # 223)

      Psalms of Solomon 17:21-25

      4Qflor 1.11-13

      Justin Martyr, 1 Apology 45

    242. Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees (Matthew 23:1-36; Mark 12:37b-40; Luke 20:45-47; conceptually in earlier contexts, Luke 11:46, 52; 6:39; 11:42, 39-41, 44, 47-48, 49-51, 43; see unit 175 above; Aland # 284; Orchard # 304; Huck-Greeven # 224)

      t Sanhedrin 7.8; 8.1

      1QS 2.19-23

      Moed Qatan 2.17

      m Sota 3.4

      Aboth of Rabbi Nathan 37A; 45

      m Demai 2.1

      m Ma’aerot 4.5

      m ‘Uqsin 3.6

      m Sebi’it 9.1

      Aboth of Rabbi Nathan 41A

      m Berakot 8.2

      Pseudo-Philo 16:2

      Jubilees I 4:3

      1 Enoch 22:6-7

    243. Jesus’ Lament over Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37-39; conceptually, Luke 13:34-35; see unit 194 above; Aland # 285; Orchard # 305; Huck-Greeven # 225)

      1 Enoch 39:7

      2 Baruch 41:4

    244. The Widow’s Mite (Mark 12:41-44; Luke 21:1-4; Aland # 286; Orchard # 306; Huck-Greeven # 226)

    245. Prediction of the Temple’s Destruction (Matthew 24:1-2; Mark 13:1-2; Luke 21:5-6; Aland # 287; Orchard # 307; Huck-Greeven # 227a)

      Testament of Levi 15:1

      Testament of Moses 6:8-9

      1QpHab 9.6-7

      Josephus, Jewish War 6.301

      Jubilees 23:11-32

      Josephus, Jewish War 5.184-227

      Tacitus, History 5.8

      Josephus, Antiquities 15.380-425

      Josephus, Jewish War 1.401

    246. Signs before the End (Matthew 24:3-8; Mark 13: 3-8; Luke 21:7-11; Aland # 288; Orchard # 308; Huck-Greeven # 227b-228)

    247. Persecutions (Matthew 24:9-14; Mark 13:9-13; Luke 21:12-19; Aland # 289; Orchard # 309; Huck-Greeven # 229)

      1 Enoch 62:4

      2 Esdras 4:42

      Targum Psalms 18:14

    248. The Desolation (Matthew 24:15-22; Mark 13:14-20; Luke 21:20-24; Aland # 290; Orchard # 310; Huck-Greeven # 230)

      1 Maccabees 1:54; 4:38; 6:7

      Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 3.5.3

    249. False Christs and False Prophets (Matthew 24:23-28; Mark 13:21-23; conceptually, Luke 17:23-24 in an earlier context, see unit 215 above; Aland # 291; Orchard # 311; Huck-Greeven # 231)

    250. The Coming of the Son of Man (Matthew 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27; Luke 21:25-28; Aland # 292; Orchard # 312; Huck-Greeven # 232)

      1 Enoch 80

      Testament of Moses 10.5

      2 Baruch 70; 72:2

      1 Enoch 37–71

      4 Ezra 14

      b Sanhedrin 38b, 98a

      Psalms of Solomon 8:28; 11:2-5; 17:26

      4 Ezra 13:39-40

      4 Baruch 3:11

    251. The Parable of the Fig Tree (Matthew 24:32-36; Mark 13:28-32; Luke 21:29-33; Aland # 293; Orchard # 313; Huck-Greeven # 233-234)

    252. Take Heed and Watch (Mark 13:33-37; Luke 21:34-36; conceptually Luke 12:40; see unit 184 above; Aland # 294-295; Orchard # 320; Huck-Greeven # 236, 242a)

    253. Be Ready for the Day Comes Suddenly (Matthew 24:37-44; conceptually, Luke 17:26-36; 12:39-40; see units 215 and 184 above; Aland # 296; Orchard # 314-315; Huck-Greeven # 235-237)

    254. The Parable of the Good and Wicked Servant (Matthew 24:45-51; conceptually, Luke 12:41-46, see unit 184 above; Aland # 297; Orchard # 316; Huck-Greeven # 238)

    255. The Parable of the Ten Virgins (Matthew 25:1-13; Aland # 298; Orchard # 317; Huck-Greeven # 239)

      Aboth of Rabbi Nathan 4a; 8; 22b

      t Berakot 2:10

    256. The Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30; conceptually, Luke 19:11-27, see unit 228 above; Aland # 299; Orchard # 318; Huck-Greeven # 240)

      m Baba Mesi’a 3.11

    257. The Sheep and Goats (Matthew 25:31-46; Aland # 300; Orchard # 319; Huck-Greeven # 241)

      1 Enoch 9:4; 60:2 with 1 Enoch 49–54

      Testament of Abraham 13A; 11B

      Sirach 18:13

      1 Enoch 89:18

      Pseudo-Philo 28.5

    258. The Ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem (Luke 21:37-38; Aland # 301; Orchard # 321; Huck-Greeven # 242b)

    259. The Hope to Get Jesus (Matthew 26:1-5; Mark 14:1-2; Luke 22:1-2; Aland # 305; Orchard # 325; Huck-Greeven # 243)

      Josephus, Antiquities 3.249; 14.21; 17.213

    260. The Anointing at Bethany (Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; John 12:1-8; Aland # 306; Orchard # 326; Huck-Greeven # 244)

    261. Judas’ Betrayal (Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6; Aland # 307; Orchard # 327;Huck-Greeven # 245)

    262. Preparation for the Passover (Matthew 26:17-20; Mark 14:12-17; Luke 22:7-14; Aland # 308; Orchard # 328; Huck-Greeven # 246-247a)

    263. Jesus Foretells His Betrayal (Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; in a slightly later context- Luke 22:21-23; John 13: 21-30; Aland # 310; Orchard # 330; Huck-Greeven # 247b)

    264. The Last Supper (Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22-15-20; Aland # 311; Orchard # 329, 331; Huck-Greeven # 248)

    265. Jesus Foretells His Betrayal (Luke 22:21-23; in a slightly earlier context- Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; see unit 263 above; Aland # 312; Orchard # 333; Huck-Greeven # 249

    266. The New Way of Greatness (Luke 22:24-30; conceptually in an earlier context, Matthew 20:24-28; 19:28; Mark 10:41-45; see units 225 and 222 above; Aland # 313; Orchard # 334; Huck-Greeven # 250)

    267. Peter’s Denial Predicted (Matthew 26:30-35; Mark 14:26-31; Luke 22:31-34; John 13:36-38; Aland # 315; Orchard # 336; Huck-Greeven # 251, 253)

      t Ketubot 5.5

    268. The Two Swords (Luke 22:35-38; Aland # 316; Orchard # 337; Huck-Greeven # 252)

    269. Gethsemene (Matthew 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:39-46; Aland # 330; Orchard # 345; Huck-Greeven # 254)

      Dialogue with Trypho 103.8

    270. Jesus Arrested (Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:2-12; Aland # 331; Orchard # 346; Huck-Greeven # 255)

    271. Jesus Examined before the Council and Peter’s Denials (Matthew 26:57-75; Mark 14:53-72; Luke 22:54-71; John 18:13-28; Aland # 332-333; Orchard # 347-355a; Huck-Greeven # 256)

      Josephus, Antiquities 20.197-203

      Josephus, Jewish War 2.117

      Benediction 14, Shemoneh Esreh

      Psalms of Solomon 17:30

      1 Enoch 77:2

      m Berakot 7.3

      Sifre Deuteronomy 306

      1 Enoch 37–71

      Exagoge to Ezekiel 68-85

      1 Maccabees 2:14

      b Sanhedrin 60a

      Temple Scroll 64:7-9

    272. Jesus Delivered to Pilate (Matthew 27:1-2; Mark 15:1; Luke 23:1; Aland # 334; Orchard # 355b; Huck-Greeven # 257a)

    273. The Death of Judas (Matthew 27:3-10; Aland # 335; Orchard # 356; Huck-Greeven # 258)

    274. The Examination before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-5; John 18:29-38; Aland # 336; Orchard # 357; Huck-Greeven # 259)

      Josephus, Josephus, Jewish War 2.169-177

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.55-59

      Philo, Embassy to Gaius 301-302

    275. The Examination before Herod (Luke 23:6-12; Aland # 337; Orchard # 358; Huck-Greeven # 260)

    276. Pilate Declares Jesus Innocent (Luke 23:13-16; Aland # 338; Orchard # 359; Huck-Greeven # 261a)

    277. Jesus or Barabbas? (Matthew 27:15-23; Mark 15:6-14; Luke 23:17-23; John 18:39-40; Aland # 339; Orchard # 360; Huck-Greeven # 261b)

      Josephus, Antiquities, 20.208-210, 215.

    278. Pilate Delivers Jesus to be Crucified (Matthew 27:24-26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:24-25; Aland # 341; Orchard # 362; Huck-Greeven # 261c)

      Suetonius, Domition 11

      Jewish War 2.306-308; 6.302-304.

      Philo Flaccus 10 75

    279. Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers (Matthew 27:27-31a; Mark 15:16-20a; in a slightly earlier context-John 19:2-3; Aland # 342; Orchard # 363; Huck-Greeven # 262)

      Philo, Flaccus 6 36–39

      Dio Cassius, History 15.20-21

      Plutarch, Pompey 24

    280. The Road to Golgotha (Matthew 27:31b-32; Mark 15:20b-21; Luke 23:26-32; John 1917a; Aland # 343; Orchard # 364; Huck-Greeven # 263)

    281. Crucifixion (Matthew 27:33-37; Mark 15:22-26; Luke 23:33-34; John 19:17b-27; Aland # 344; Orchard # 365a; Huck-Greeven # 264a)

      Josephus, Jewish War 1.282

      Josephus, Antiquities 15.373, 409; 16.291, 311

    282. Jesus Is Mocked During the Crucifixion (Matthew 27:38-43; Mark 15:27-32a; Luke 23:35-38; Aland # 345; Orchard # 365b-366; Huck-Greeven # 264b)

    283. The Two Thieves (Matthew 27:44; Mark 15:32b; Luke 23:39-43; Aland # 346; Orchard # 367; Huck-Greeven # 264c)

    284. The Death of Jesus (Matthew 27:45-54; Mark 15:33-39; Luke 23:44-48; John 19:28-30; Aland # 347; Orchard # 368-370a; Huck-Greeven # 265a)

    285. Witnesses of the Crucifixion (Matthew 27:55-56; Mark 15:40-41; Luke 23:49; Aland # 348; Orchard # 370b; Huck-Greeven # 265b)

    286. Jesus’ Burial (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42; Aland # 350; Orchard # 372-373a; Huck-Greeven # 266, 268a)

    287. The Guard at the Tomb (Matthew 27:62-66; Aland # 351; Orchard # 374; Huck-Greeven # 267)

    288. The Women Come to the Tomb (Matthew 28:1-8; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-13; Aland # 252; Orchard # 375b-376; Huck-Greeven # 268b)

    289. Jesus Appears to the Women (Matthew 28:9-10; John 20:14-18; Aland # 353; Orchard # 377, 389; Huck-Greeven # 269)

    291. The Emmaus Road Appearance (Luke 24:13-35; Aland # 355; Orchard # 380; Huck-Greeven # 272)

      1 Maccabees 3:40, 57; 4:3

      Josephus, Jewish War 7.217

      m Sukkah 4.5

    292. Jesus Appears to His Disciples and Later to Thomas (Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-29; Aland # 356-257; Orchard # 381a, 390-391; Huck-Greeven # 273a)

    293. The Great Commission from Galilee (Matthew 28:16-20: Aland # 364; Orchard # 379; Huck-Greeven # 271)

    294. Jesus’ Last Words and Ascension (Luke 24:44-53; Aland # 365; Orchard # 381b-382; Huck-Greeven # 273b-274)

      Prologue to Sirach 8-10

      4QMMT 10

Related Topics: Crucifixion