Lesson 10: Come Home and Believe in Jesus (Luke 22:1-24:53)Related Media
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A Word from Kay Daigle on how to use the resources for this study…I want to encourage you to complete the personal lesson below before you click on any of the accompanying elements that may be found with this lesson (audio lecture, manuscript, PowerPoint, or handout). This study was written to help you maximize your personal spiritual growth. That means that you first spend time with God through His word, and then hopefully, discuss what you learned with a small group of women. After that, if you want to hear the audio (or read the manuscript) and follow the PowerPoint, filling in the handout, then that is a great time to do it! I cannot cover all the verses in depth, but you can read and study them for yourself. It is best for you to think through the passages before hearing what anyone else thinks, even me! You will find some lessons without lectures. At our church we use some of those weeks to spend extra time in our small groups sharing life stories, having a longer prayer time, or expressing how God is working in our lives.
A Precious Word from God
“Thus it stands written that the Messiah would suffer and would rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.”
Jesus in Luke 24:46-47 (NET)
This is our last week studying the story of Jesus from the gospel of Luke. I pray that God has used it in your life to draw you closer to Him. This week’s lesson covers the crucial section of Luke from the Last Supper through the Resurrection. Several weeks ago we saw that Jesus expressed His mission as coming to seek and to save the lost. On the cross He accomplished the salvation of mankind.
Many of you, like me, probably saw the movie The Passion. As you go through these Scriptures, that experience will give you a visual image of what happened during the last hours of Jesus’ life. Don’t rush through this lesson, but meditate upon Jesus’ death for you and for me. He died that we might live and come home to God forever.
Day One Study
Read Luke 22:1-6.
1. Why did the chief priests and lawyers need Judas?
Read Luke 22:7-38.
Many of us who have been in church for a long time know this story so well that we read it quickly and miss its significance. Take the time to reread it as if you were there at this final Passover dinner.
- Diamonds in the Word: Research the Jewish Passover Seder, which was first celebrated in Exodus 12, as the last plague fell on the Egyptians before the Jews departed the land. If you can get information about the actual observance of this meal today, consider how it pictures Jesus. Write down your insights.
The cup and the bread are traditionally pictures of a covenant, the most binding agreement made between parties. A marriage is a covenant, and God’s relationship with His people is based upon covenant. That means that His promises are permanent and binding. Covenant involves oneness in relationship. When we partake of the bread and the cup we acknowledge our unity with Jesus.
2. Read 1 Cor. 11:20-34. To participate in communion is a serious matter. What was the problem with how they were participating in the Corinthian church? What do you learn from this passage about the seriousness of communion?
3.Sharing question: How do you make sure that you have the right attitude when you accept the bread and the cup?
4. Give practical examples of how church leaders fulfill Jesus’ teaching about leadership in Luke 22:24-27 and John 13:12-17.
5. In what ways did Jesus encourage His followers while at the same time warning them (Luke 22:28-38)?
Dr. G. Campbell Morgan comments on Jesus’ words:1
“Jesus said, ‘It is enough.’ He was not referring to the two swords, but to the conversation. It was an abrupt dismissal. He dismissed the subject, and immediately left the city, and went to Olivet.”
Dr. G. Campbell Morgan in The Gospel According to Luke
6.Responding to God: Consider the words of encouragement that you just read. How does God use them to encourage you today? Write your prayer of response to Him.
Day Two Study
Read Luke 22:39-46.
7. What do you learn on this occasion from Jesus’ example concerning prayer?
- Diamonds in the Word: Read Heb. 5:7-9, likely a description of Jesus’ time in the Garden of Gethsemane. Read your notes and commentaries and write down your insights on these verses as well as those of Luke 22:40-46.
Read Luke 22:47-62.
8. Jesus warned the disciples not to fall into temptation in 22:40. What temptations did they fall into just afterward?
9. What emotions do you suppose Jesus and the disciples felt when He was arrested? Carefully read the passage to support your answer. What did Peter’s emotions lead him to do?
10.Sharing question: What emotions tend to lead you into temptation—fear, anger, frustration, impatience? What sins in your life sometimes follow those emotions?
11.Sharing question: In what situations or with what people are you most likely to deny Jesus in some form or fashion? Why?
12.Responding to God: The example of Jesus’ forgiveness of Peter’s denial is such an encouragement because we all fall short of giving Christ the allegiance He deserves. Write a prayer asking God to give you the grace and strength that you need to give Him your full allegiance, particularly in those situations you mentioned in #10.
Day Three Study
Read Luke 22:63-71.
13. Of what did the Jewish council of elders accuse Jesus? Who did He claim to be?
- Diamonds in the Word: Jesus quoted Psalm 110 to the Jewish council at His trial. Study the entire Psalm. Why did this quote upset them so? You are free to read any notes that you have on this passage.
Read Luke 23:1-25.
14. Compare the accusations brought against Jesus before Pilate with those the Jewish council considered. Why might they be different?
15. Describe Pilate and Herod’s reactions to Jesus.
16. Describe the treatment of Jesus throughout the trials from Luke 22:63-23:24.
17. Read 1 Peter 2:19-25. Jesus is our example of enduring suffering. How does Peter teach us to follow Christ’s example when we suffer mistreatment?
18.Sharing question: With what person in your life are you most likely to respond poorly when she/ he treats you badly? Perhaps your boss belittles you or embarrasses you. Maybe it is a parent or a sibling whose words or actions really get to you. What specific part of Jesus’ example can you incorporate into your response next time, relying upon the Holy Spirit to help?
19.Responding to God: Spend time thanking Jesus for enduring suffering and ridicule for you. Thank Him for the great salvation that He bought for you. Write out a prayer or a poem of thanksgiving and praise.
Day Four Study
Read Luke 23:26-31.
20. Even on His way to the cross, Jesus showed love and concern for the women of Jerusalem. Review Luke 21:20-24. What events did He foresee that caused Him sadness over these women?
Read Luke 23:32-56.
21. Consider these people that Luke describes who followed Jesus to the cross or attended the crucifixion. Write down their attitudes and reactions toward Jesus and His execution:
Those who knew Jesus—
Joseph of Arimathea—
The women who followed Him from Galilee—
Jesus died for every one of these people, whether they loved Him or rejected Him.
22. Why did Jesus willingly accept death? Read these verses and write down your insights:
a. Rom. 5:6-10
b. 1 Peter 1:18-19
c. Hebrews 10:10-18
d. Hebrews 12:1-2
23.Sharing question: What friends, co-workers, or family members of yours have rejected Jesus? Name one practical way that you can show each one His love, the kind of love that dies for those who reject that love, the kind of love that draws us home to Jesus.
- Diamonds in the Word: Study your resources and read about the temple and the curtain that was torn in two (Luke 23:45). Read Hebrews 8-10 in reference to this. What significance do you see in this act?
24.Responding to God: Draw a picture of a cross and put yourself before it. (Stick figures are great!) Depict your attitude toward Jesus in where you place yourself and what you are doing in the picture. Some of you are still on the journey to faith and have not yet believed in Him. Others of you are near but not bowed down. Are you home with Him?
Day Five Study
Read Luke 24:1-12.
What an amazing gift these women received for their devotion to Jesus—to be the first to learn of His resurrection and the first to speak forth the good news!
25. How did the disciples react to the announcement by the women? How was Peter’s reaction different?
Read Luke 24:13-35.
26. Describe the encounter between Jesus and the two men.
27. By the time these two reached Jerusalem, there had been another appearance of Jesus. For what reason might Jesus have sought out Peter and appeared to him alone?
Read Luke 24:36-53.
28. What message was given to Jesus’ followers to share with the nations?
Have you believed in the message of Jesus? Do you believe that He is who He claimed to be—God? Do you need Him to cleanse you of all your sins and bring you home to the Father today and eventually forever? Will you trust in Him alone as your Way home?
- Diamonds in the Word: Outline the gospel message as you would share it with a friend who wanted to hear about your faith. What verses and illustrations would you use? Use tracts or other outlines with which you are familiar. If you have time, compare some of their differences for strengths and weaknesses.
29.Sharing question: Read Romans 10:14-17. We are allowed the great privilege of being His messengers. For those of you who have believed in Jesus already, how are you doing in sharing His message? Who in your life needs you to share the truth with her or him?
30.Sharing question: Share one way that God has changed you as you have studied the story of Jesus in Luke.
31.Responding to God: Write a prayer thanking God for your great salvation and the dear cost that Jesus paid to give this gift to you.
Just as the women who went to the tomb early that Sunday morning had the privilege of announcing the truth of Jesus’ resurrection, we have the same honor as we share the gospel. Although God does not need us, He chooses to work through ordinary people like you and me. Michelle recounts the way that she reminds herself of this great privilege.
I have a picture on my refrigerator that reminds me of what a privilege it is to share the gospel of Jesus with others. It is a picture of a beautiful sixteen year old Haitian girl. The countenance of her face exhibits the power of the good news. This girl was the only one of small group that we were sharing with in Haiti who prayed to accept Jesus as her Savior. This group had been particularly negative that day. She was the youngest of the group. When the Holy Spirit spoke to her, she was bold enough to step forward and say she believed. On that Sunday she attended to first church service held in Roberts Village. Her sweet face reminds me of the privilege of being a part of the harvest.
Bock, Darrell L. Luke, ed. Grand R. Osborne, The IVP New Testament Commentary Series, vol. 3. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1994.
Morgan, G. Campbell. The Gospel According to Luke. Westwood, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, Co., 1931.
NET Bible: New English Translation, Second Beta Edition. Biblical Studies Press L.L.C.
1 G. Campbell Morgan, The Gospel According to Luke (Westwood, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, Co., 1931), 249.