PARAGRAPH DIVISIONS OF MODERN TRANSLATIONS
(The parentheses represent poetic literary units)
|Basket of Figs and the Returnees||The Sign of Two Baskets of Figs||The Vision of the Basket of Figs||Two Baskets of Figs||The Two Baskets of Figs|
READING CYCLE THREE (see introductory section)
FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT PARAGRAPH LEVEL
This is a study guide commentary,which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Each of us must walk in the light we have. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. You must not relinquish this to a commentator.
Read the chapter in one sitting. Identify the subjects (reading cycle #3). Compare your subject divisions with the five translations above. Paragraphing is not inspired, but it is the key to following the original author's intent, which is the heart of interpretation. Every paragraph has one and only one subject.
1. First paragraph
2. Second paragraph
3. Third paragraph
WORD AND PHRASE STUDY
NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 24:1-3
1After Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and the officials of Judah with the craftsmen and smiths from Jerusalem and had brought them to Babylon, the Lord showed me: behold, two baskets of figs set before the temple of the Lord! 2One basket had very good figs, like first-ripe figs, and the other basket had very bad figs which could not be eaten due to rottenness. 3Then the Lord said to me, "What do you see, Jeremiah?" And I said, "Figs, the good figs, very good; and the bad figs, very bad, which cannot be eaten due to rottenness."
24:1 "Nebuchadnezzar" See Appendix three, B., 4.
▣ This specifically dates this strophe as 597 b.c (cf. II Kgs. 24:10-16; II Chr. 36:9-10). The king goes by three names
1. Jeconiah, 24:1; 27:20; 28:4; 29:2
2. Coniah, 22:24,28; 37:1
3. Jehoiachin, 52:31; II Kings 24-25
See Appendix Four, #3.
▣ "craftsmen" This term (BDB 360, cf. 29:2) refers to an engraver of
1. gems (cf. Exod. 28:11)
2. stone (cf. II Sam. 5:11)
3. wood (cf. 10:3)
4. metal (cf. 10:9)
It can also mean "idol-maker" (cf. II Kgs. 24:14,16; Isa. 44:11; 45:16).
▣ "smith" This ambiguous term (BDB 688, KB 604 II) may refer to a metal worker (NJB, NET). It could also mean "harem" (REB textual marginal note) or possibly "builders" or "engineers."
▣ "two baskets of figs" This is another visual image to communicate God's message vividly to the people of Judah who were left in Jerusalem.
Amos used the same type of imagery in Amos 8:1-3.
▣ "set before the temple of the Lord" These baskets of figs represented two groups of people. They were seen as offerings to YHWH (cf. Deut. 26:2-11), to use for His purposes.
1. good figs - those Judeans already exiled
2. bad figs - those Judeans in Palestine
24:2 "very bad figs" These same inedible, rotten figs are mentioned in 29:17.
NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 24:4-7
4Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 5"Thus says the Lord God of Israel, 'Like these good figs, so I will regard as good the captives of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans. 6For I will set My eyes on them for good, and I will bring them again to this land; and I will build them up and not overthrow them, and I will plant them and not pluck them up. 7I will give them a heart to know Me, for I am the Lord; and they will be My people, and I will be their God, for they will return to Me with their whole heart.
24:5 The good figs are, surprisingly, the Judeans taken into exile. One would have thought the ones left in Palestine were the favored ones, but not so. YHWH will work with the exiles (to whom Ezekiel ministered in Babylon).
▣ "Chaldeans" See Special Topic at
24:6-7 List the promises YHWH makes to the Judeans in exile.
1. He will regard them as "good"
2. He will set His eyes on them for good
3. He will bring them back to Judah
4. He will build them up and not overthrow them
5. He will plant them and pluck them up
6. He will give them a heart to know Him
Verse 7 has several covenant terms. It speaks of a new day of faithfulness and devotion (cf. Ezek. 36:22-38; Jer. 31:31-34). YHWH will give them a "new heart" and a "new mind."
The phrases "build them up" (BDB 124, KB 139); "not overthrow them" (BDB 248, KB 256); "plant them" (BDB 642, KB 694); and "not pluck them up" (BDB 684, KB 737) are also used in Jeremiah's call in 1:10. Here these verbs are preceded by a vision, but there they are preceded by two visions (an almond rod and a boiling pot).
24:7 "they will return to Me" This verb (BDB 996, KB 1427) is used to express true repentance. See Special Topic at 2:22. This involves the mystery of foreknowledge, human free will and predestination (see Special Topics at 18:8).
▣ "with a whole heart" This is a Hebrew idiom of complete devotion (cf. 3:10; I Sam. 7:3; I Chr. 22:19; II Chr. 22:9; Joel 2:12-14). It was used of David's devotion to YHWH but not Solomon who, in his old age, became involved in idolatry (cf. I Kings 11).
NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 24:8-10
8"'But like the bad figs which cannot be eaten due to rottenness-indeed, thus says the Lord-so I will abandon Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials, and the remnant of Jerusalem who remain in this land and the ones who dwell in the land of Egypt. 9I will make them a terror and an evil for all the kingdoms of the earth, as a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse in all places where I will scatter them. 10I will send the sword, the famine and the pestilence upon them until they are destroyed from the land which I gave to them and their forefathers.'"
24:8-10 The royal family of Zedekiah and all his helpers will be abandoned (BDB 678, KB 733, Qal imperfect). This verb has a wide semantic field. The context requires "give over" (cf. Num. 21:3,29; Deut. 7:2,23; 31:5; Jdgs. 20:13; etc.). This is so shocking in light of II Samuel 7!
24:8 "the remnant of Jerusalem" See Special Topic at 5:10-13.
▣ "the ones who dwell in the land of Egypt" Who these are depends on to whom verses 8-10 refer. It probably refers to those in Zedekiah's day, after the exile of 597 b.c. If so, then who are "the ones"?
1. those taken into exile by Pharaoh Necho along with Jehoahaz (609 b.c.; cf. II Kgs. 23:31-34)
2. pro-Egypt supporters who fled when they saw Babylon invading
3. a future reference to those who fled to Egypt after the murder of Gedaliah (cf. chapters 40-41)
24:9-10 These two verses describe what YHWH will do to those who remain in Judah and those who fled to Egypt.
1. make them a terror (BDB 266)
2. make them an evil (BDB 949)
3. make them a reproach (BDB 357)
4. make them a proverb (BDB 605)
5. make them a taunt (BDB 1042)
6. make them a curse (BDB 887)
7. send the sword
8. send the famine
9. send the pestilence
This was because of their continuing, unrepentant covenant disobedience. YHWH revoked the covenant promises made to their forefathers (cf. v. 10). Instead of the "nations" seeing YHWH's mercy, grace, and justice in the covenant people, they saw His judgment (cf. Deut. 28:25,37; Ezek. 36:22-38). This very purpose in YHWH's calling Abraham (cf. Gen. 12:3) has been compromised!
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