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Backdrop to Ministry

The Backdrop to Jesus’ Ministry: John the Baptist, Jesus’ Baptism and Temptations (Matthew 3:1–4:11; Mark 1:1-13; Luke 3:1–4:13)

    15. The Introduction to Mark (Mark 1:1; Aland # 1; Orchard # 2: Huck-Greeven # 13a)

      Proverbs 1:1 LXX

      Ecclesiastes 1:1 LXX

      Song of Songs 1:1 LXX

      Justin Martyr, Apology 1.66.

    16. John the Baptist and Scripture (Mark 1:2-6; Matthew 3:1-6; Luke 3:1-6; Aland # 13; Orchard # 17; Huck-Greeven # 13b)

      Sirach 48:10

      1QS 8:12-16; 9:17-20

      Josephus, Jewish War, 2.259-261

      Josephus, Antiquities, 18.116-119

    17. John’s Preaching of Repentance (Matthew 3:7-10; Luke 3:7-9; Aland # 14; Orchard # 18; Huck-Greeven #14)

    18. What Then Shall We Do? (Luke 3:10-14; Aland # 15; Orchard # 19; Huck-Greeven #15)

      Josephus, Antiquities 12.4.2-9 160-220

      Suetonius, Tiberius 32

      Dio Cassius, Roman History 57.10.5

      Sirach 4:1, 4, 8; 7:32; 10:23; 11:12; 34:21.

    19. The One Mightier to Come (Matthew 3:11-12; Mark 1:7-8; Luke 3:15-18; Aland # 16; Orchard # 20; Huck-Greeven # 16)

      Mekilta de Rabbi Ishmael, Nezakin 1 on Exodus 21:2

      Jubilees 9:15; 36:10;

      1 Enoch 10:6; 54:6; 90: 24-27

      2 Esdras 7:36-38; 13:4;

      Psalms of Solomon 15:4-7

      1QH 3:28-31; 1QS 2:8, 15; 4:13

    20. John’s Imprisonment (Luke 3:19-20; noted later in Matthew 14:3-4; Mark 6:17-18; Aland # 17; Orchard # 21; Huch-Greeven # 17)

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.109-115

      Josephus, Antiquities 18.116-119

      Josephus, Antiquities 16.42; 7.338, 342, 356, 374, 384; 9.236

      Josephus, War 2.139

    21. Jesus’ Baptism (Matthew 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22: Aland # 18; Orchard # 22; Huck-Greeven # 18)

      Jerome, Against Pelagius III.2.

    22. The Genealogy of Jesus (Luke 3:23-38; Aland # 19; Orchard # 23; Huck-Greeven # 19)

    23. The Temptations of Jesus (Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:10-13; Aland # 20; Orchard # 24; Huck-Greeven # 20)

      Testament of Naphtali 8:4

Related Topics: Christology