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Argument of the Book of 1 Peter

Problem:Steadfast believers in the day of the Lord and His imminent, righteous judgment are being taught to disregard this possibility, and to live licentiously instead.

Solution:The believers should hold fast the doctrines of eschatology passed down to them from the Old Testament and the Apostles.

Theology:Destruction will certainly fall upon the unrighteous in the day of the Lord, and accountability for one’s sins will be had.

I. Peter defends his apostleship (1.1-21)

Peter’s authority as an apostle saturates this entire section. He rightly claims one-upmanship over his opponents in light of his time with the Lord, living and risen. He points to the transfiguration as a specific instance of witnessing the majesty of the Lord.

    A. Common ground of salvation established with readers (1.1-3)

    B. Qualities of the righteous outlined (1.4-11)

    C. Peter’s authority justified (1.12-21)

II. Antagonist described (2.1-22)

A thorough examination is had of these opponents to orthodoxy in this section. Peter wishes to expose their doctrines as false, and to ensure his readers that the unrighteous behavior of these wayward believers will not go unpunished.

    A. Teaching is false (2.1-2)

    B. Judgment is sure (2.3-9)

    C. Behavior is unrighteous (2.10-22)

III. The day of the Lord is assured (3.1-18)

Peter finally identifies the antagonist explicitly by his false teaching. He proceeds to contest this doctrine of ignorance with a lucid yet frightful description of the final judgment, along with a call to holiness in light of His coming.

    A. The Day denied (3.1-4)

    B. The day described (3.5-13)

    C. The day anticipated (3.14-18)

Related Topics: Introductions, Arguments, Outlines