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1. Characteristics Of The Person God Uses Greatly Pt. 1 (1 Kings 17:1)

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Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As certainly as the Lord God of Israel lives (whom I serve), there will be no dew or rain in the years ahead unless I give the command.”

1 Kings 17:1 (NET)

What are characteristics of the person God uses greatly for his kingdom?

In this study, we will focus on Elijah. He is one of the more dynamic people mentioned in the Bible. In order to fully understand Elijah’s story, we must understand the context of his ministry. At this time in history, Israel’s apostasy was at an all-time high because they had a wicked ruler named King Ahab. His evil was augmented by his marriage to a pagan woman named Jezebel who worshiped Baal. First Kings 21:25 says this about them: “(There had never been anyone like Ahab, who was firmly committed to doing evil in the sight of the LORD, urged on by his wife Jezebel.” Because of their leadership, Israel turned away from God and began to worship Baal—the god of fertility.

In order to restore Israel to God, the Lord called one of his greatest prophets, Elijah, to confront Ahab. The man’s life was very special and unique. In fact, he is one of only two people who never died and was taken straight to heaven—Elijah and Enoch. In Genesis 5, Enoch walked with God and was no more, as the Lord took him to heaven (v. 24). Similarly, Elijah was also faithful in his generation and therefore never tasted death. The Lord took him to heaven in a whirlwind (2 Kings 2).

Yet even with his greatness, James 5:16-18 says:

… The prayer of a righteous person has great effectiveness. Elijah was a human being like us, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain and there was no rain on the land for three years and six months! Then he prayed again, and the sky gave rain and the land sprouted with a harvest.

The KJV says Elijah was a man with “like passions” as us. He was normal, and yet God used him for great things. In the context, James calls believers to bring the sick to the elders for prayer and also to confess their sins to one another and pray for one another so they can be healed (v. 16). He uses Elijah to demonstrate how the prayers of the righteous have power. He essentially says the power in Elijah’s life can be in ours. God can mightily use us as well.

As we study Elijah, it is not just to stand in awe at how God used him, it is also for us to cry out to be used as well. Second Chronicles 16:9 says, “Certainly the Lord watches the whole earth carefully and is ready to strengthen those who are devoted to him.”

God is on alert; he looks for men and women that he can use greatly for his kingdom. His eyes roam the earth looking for Abrahams, Josephs, Davids, and Elijahs. He looks for people to use. Our world is no less dark than in Elijah’s time. Our leaders rebel against God. They sacrifice our children on the altar of comfort; they shame our sisters and daughters on TV and the Internet for money. They praise those who do evil and mock those who do good. God is looking to raise up faithful Elijahs whom he can strengthen for his glory.

Are we people God can use greatly? Are we people God can display his strength through? What are the characteristics of the man or woman God uses? In 1 Kings 17:1, though a small verse, we can discern many characteristics of those God often uses greatly.

Big Question: What are characteristics of a person God uses greatly, as discerned from 1 Kings 17:1, when Elijah is introduced?

God Uses the Common and the Weak

Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead

1 Kings 17:1a

What does this verse tell us about Elijah’s background? Not as much as many other introductions in the Bible. Many times, when somebody is introduced in Scripture, it gives his family origin, his birth story, what tribe he was from, and his occupation. With Jesus, there are two whole genealogies, including his lineage starting with Abraham in Matthew 1 and with Adam in Luke 3. But for some reason the writer of Kings adds very little about Elijah. This probably means there was not much known about him. He didn’t come from a priestly heritage like John the Baptist. He didn’t come from the line of David like Jesus. He was really a nobody.

All we are told is that he came from Tishbe in Gilead. Tishbe is a city that archaeologists and Bible scholars have never been able to find.1 This tends to the probability that it was a tiny town or remote village. Elijah had humble origins—he was a small-town guy. We do, however, know a little about Gilead. Gilead was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River—not far from Jericho.2 In fact, in Arabic, the word “jilead,” which is related to “gilead” in Hebrew, simply means “rough” or “rugged.”3

The people from the mountains were looked down upon in Israel. It is similar to how people from the big city commonly look down upon those from the country. Mountain people typically lived off the land and did not have high education or sophisticated clothing like people from the city. In fact, 2 Kings 1:8 (ESV) says Elijah wore a “garment of hair, with a belt of leather”—probably camel skin or some other animal’s hair (cf. Matt 3:4). He killed an animal in the mountains and clothed himself with the hair. In American culture, Elijah would have been called a “hillbilly” or “country bumpkin.” Elijah was not well educated or cultured and probably had an accent. He was a hillbilly from Gilead.

From what we can discern, Elijah was a “common” man. He was not someone well-known. He didn’t have a college degree; he hadn’t been trained at Bethlehem seminary. Nobody even knew who he was and many probably had never even heard of his small town “Tishbe.” The author wants us to see his commonality.

In fact, as mentioned, James 5:17-18 seems to focus on his commonality as well. It says, “Elijah was a human being like us.” He had passions like us (KJV). He was normal. In 1 Kings 19:4, he went through a great bout of depression where he prayed to die. He often felt lonely; in 1 Kings 19:10, he told God, “I’m the only one left that follows you” (paraphrase).

Apparently, no one really knew Elijah until he stepped onto the scene in the presence of King Ahab. He was a nobody from nowhere, but he was handpicked by the Lord to carry a message of repentance to a wayward nation.

God’s Preference

Scripture actually indicates that God prefers to use the common and weak people of this world for his glory. In biblical history, God used shepherds, fisherman, and farmers—common people without great education or high standing in society. However, they were perfect for God to use.

The biblical story is the exact opposite of what the world and even the church would often say is necessary for success. They might say, “You need this family background, this education, and this occupation!” However, that is not what God says, nor what Christian history attests. For example, Dwight L. Moody, one of the greatest evangelists the world has ever known, stopped his formal education at fifth grade.4 Billy Graham, another well-known evangelist, never went to seminary. Statistically, many of the biggest churches in the world are run by people without seminary training. One report in 1998 showed that one-third of megachurch ministers don’t have seminary education.5 This may seem shocking, but Scripture says this is normal. First Corinthians 1:26-29 says,

Think about the circumstances of your call, brothers and sisters. Not many were wise by human standards, not many were powerful, not many were born to a privileged position. But God chose what the world thinks foolish to shame the wise, and God chose what the world thinks weak to shame the strong. God chose what is low and despised in the world, what is regarded as nothing, to set aside what is regarded as something, so that no one can boast in his presence.

Why does God typically choose the common and weak over the rich, strong, beautiful, and wise? It’s because the common man typically understands his own weakness. He is not prone to boasting. He knows that he is not strong enough, fast enough, smart enough, or good looking enough because society has told him so. The common are more inclined to humility and recognizing their own weakness before God, while the successful are more inclined to pride.

It is because of their weakness that God delights to use them. Consider what God said to Paul in 2 Corinthians 12:9, “My grace is enough for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness…” When God sees the weak, he says, “Yes! He doesn’t trust in his own strength, education, or speaking ability. He doesn’t think he is equipped for the task. That is a person I can use; that is a person that won’t try to steal my glory.”

This is what Samuel said to Saul about his calling: “While you were small in your own eyes, the Lord made you head and king over Israel” (1 Sam 15:17, paraphrase). It was when Saul thought nothing of himself, that God found him and anointed him for great works.

Excuses from the Common

That is why in Scripture, we often see the “common” make excuses when God calls them: “I can’t lead,” “I can’t speak,” or “I am too young.” It happens because God doesn’t typically call the great. He calls the common and makes them great—he makes them sufficient for the task.

It’s been said that God often looks for the reluctant leader. He finds the person not looking for the limelight and says to them, “You, hiding over there (as with Gideon)! You are perfect! In your weakness, my power will be perfected, and my name gloried.”

When we look at the church and see how few God truly uses in powerful ways, we can discern our problem. Many of us are too strong. We are too independent. We trust too much in our own wisdom, hard work, speaking ability, experience, and education. God’s power can’t fill us, because we are too filled with our own ability and high view of ourselves. We will be inclined to boast and steal God’s glory.

We must ask ourselves, “Are we too strong? Are our strengths keeping us from being used by God?” This doesn’t mean we can’t succeed apart from God. We can, and that’s the problem! We can live lives virtually separated from God and appear successful, but we won’t be successful to God. Christ said this to the church of Sardis in Revelation 3:1, “…I know your deeds, that you have a reputation that you are alive, but in reality you are dead.”

Can God use us?

Discerning If We’re Too Strong

Application Question: How can we discern if we are too strong for God to use us?

1. We can discern if we are too strong by how much we depend on God.

We can do this by asking ourselves key questions, “How much do we pray? How much do we read the Word of God? How consistently do we meet with other believers to worship and be edified?” The weak realize they can’t make it throughout the day without him—they need to be in his Word, prayer, and godly fellowship.

Sadly, many professing Christians live totally independent of God. They don’t need to go to church, read their Bibles, worship, or pray. The problem is they are too strong, and their strength is hindering the abundant grace God wants to give them.

2. We can discern if we are too strong by how we view ourselves and others.

The strong tend to have a high view of themselves and are prone to look down on others, even consistently criticizing them. They are like the Pharisees. However, Paul, though an apostle, called himself “the chief of sinners” (1 Tim 1:15, paraphrase). God could use Paul because of his weakness, not his greatness. In his weakness, God’s power was made perfect.

It has been said only those who see themselves as “chief of sinners” are fit to serve others, and thus be used greatly by God. If not, we will be prone to pride, boasting, and judgmentalism. Therefore, God cannot entrust the fullness of his power to us.

Those who think much of themselves, God cannot use. In fact, James 4:6 says, “God opposes the proud, but he gives grace to the humble.” He fights against the proud so they can become humble and weak.

Applications for the Weak

Application Question: What should we do if we feel too weak?

1. The weak must recognize that they can be used by God.

If we feel too weak—too common and normal—then we must understand that we are right where God wants us. We are people he can use. He is not looking for the smartest person, the wealthiest, strongest, or one from an esteemed family background. He often finds the unknown from the backyards of Gilead. He finds those who are weak in their own eyes and the eyes of others and bestows his grace on them.

2. The weak must be willing to step out in faith, as God leads.

When God calls, they must be willing to step out in faith to help out at church, share their faith, and/or serve in leadership. As they do this, they will find God’s grace made perfect in them. God will give them the words to say, the strength to serve, and the grace to persevere when weary. It was when Moses stepped out in faith, he found out God’s grace had made him a miracle worker. It was when Gideon stopped hiding and stepped out in faith, he found out God’s grace had made him a mighty warrior and leader. It was when Peter stepped out on the water, that he found out God’s grace had enabled him to walk on waves. We must be willing to step out in faith so we can experience God’s perfect power (2 Cor 12:9).

Applications for the Strong

Application Question: What should the strong do to be used by God?

What about the rest of us who recognize our own independence, strength, and pride, which may be keeping God from using us? What should we do?

1. The strong must repent of pride.

In speaking to the church of Laodicea in Revelations 3:17-19, Christ said:

Because you say, “I am rich and have acquired great wealth, and need nothing,” but do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked, take my advice and buy gold from me refined by fire so you can become rich! Buy from me white clothing so you can be clothed and your shameful nakedness will not be exposed, and buy eye salve to put on your eyes so you can see! All those I love, I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest and repent!

To be “earnest” means be genuine. We must honestly express to God our pride and independence, and repent.

2. The strong must rejoice and submit to God when humbled by trials.

James 1:9-10 says, “Now the believer of humble means should take pride in his high position. But the rich person’s pride should be in his humiliation, because he will pass away like a wildflower in the meadow.”

In talking about the value of trials and how they help our faith grow (1:3-4), James says the believer of humble means—referring to the poor and the weak—should rejoice in their high position. Their circumstances give them a great opportunity to grow in their faith and be used by God. This is why Scripture says, “Blessed are you who are poor” (Luke 6:20) and that God has chosen “the poor in the world to be rich in faith” (Jam 2:5). It also says, “the last will be first, and the first last” (Matt 20:16). Scripture pictures the brother in humble circumstances as exalted in the kingdom.

But for the rich, James essentially says, they should rejoice in their “humiliation.” He seems to be talking about when the rich are made low in trials. It is then they should rejoice because it’s good for them (Jam 1:2). It reveals the futility of wealth and the brevity of life. Through trials, God reveals their weakness and need for God. He reveals that they are really like flowers that pass away.

We get a good example of this in Paul. He was not rich, but he was a great apostle and greatly used by God. Consider his response to being made low in 2 Corinthians 12:9: “But he said to me, ‘My grace is enough for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.’ So then, I will boast most gladly about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may reside in me.” Paul rejoiced in his being humbled, and James told the rich to do the same. They should boast when God makes them weak. He is drawing them to himself and preparing them to be used by God. Paul boasted in his weakness. He didn’t complain or get angry. He knew God was preparing him to be a vessel that could demonstrate God’s power.

We might ask ourselves at times, “Why are we going through this? Why are we separated from family and friends? Why are we so lonely? Why is life so hard?” It’s because God is humbling us. He is taking us lower so he can raise us higher. He is preparing us to be used.

Personally, I have experienced this many times. When God called me into ministry my sophomore year of college, everything went wrong in my life. I went through over a year of depression where I often didn’t want to live. However, it was understanding God’s process of making a man of God that gave me hope. Because of our natural tendency towards pride and independence, God often places those he calls into the wilderness. He puts them in difficulty to prepare them. Moses went into the wilderness; Joseph became a slave and then a prisoner; even Christ went to the wilderness before beginning his ministry. It is there that God humbles us so that he can use us.

Therefore, we must rejoice when God humbles us and makes us weak because it is only there that we can be truly strong. It has been this theology that has given me strength in my wilderness seasons. It gave me strength to trust and rejoice even when I felt like giving up.

If we are too strong, we must trust God and rejoice when he makes us low by bringing us through trials. It’s how he prepares us to be used.

General Applications

Application Question: What other applications can we take from how God prefers to use the common and weak?

1. We must be careful about using society’s criteria in judging God’s ministers.

First Corinthians 4:5 says,

So then, do not judge anything before the time. Wait until the Lord comes. He will bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the motives of hearts. Then each will receive recognition from God.

Paul says this in the context of people improperly judging his ministry and others’ (4:1-4). This commonly happens today. Many people are excluded from certain ministries because of secular wisdom. Consider most churches: When they are seeking a pastor, they often require a masters or even a PhD. The ministry has become professionalized, which is not what we see in Scripture. Many of God’s greatest servants lacked formal education, though not training. They were fishermen, shepherds, farmers, etc. In fact, the Pharisees marveled at the apostles because they were unlearned—meaning they lacked formal training (Acts 4:13).

Because the church and many of our denominations have become professionalized, they exclude those God called, and therefore the church suffers. Much of the church has become pharisaical in that they add to the Scriptures, as if they are not enough for life and godliness. God has already given us requirements for pastoral ministry in Scripture (cf. 1 Tim 3, Titus 1). We must trust God and his Word.

2. We must be careful of judging ourselves and others by the world’s standards.

The church many times judges others based on wealth, education, status, and even ethnicity, instead of biblical values. Consider James’ rebuke of believers in James 2:3-5:

do you pay attention to the one who is finely dressed and say, “You sit here in a good place,” and to the poor person, “You stand over there,” or “Sit on the floor”? If so, have you not made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil motives? Listen, my dear brothers and sisters! Did not God choose the poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom that he promised to those who love him?

Many Christians view others with secular eyes and not God’s eyes. Their secular view affects who they marry—many Christians would not marry Jesus because of his educational background, poor family, and even his ethnicity. For many, their secular worldview affects their career trajectory. Instead of pursuing something that meets their needs, allows them to be with their family, and lets them serve God in the church, they are in the rat-race of more. Therefore, they neglect their family and church. Be careful of judging yourself and others by the world’s standards. Only God’s standards matter.

3. We must be careful of limiting how God can use us.

We live in this world, but we are not of this world. God does not require degrees, finances, or a ministry lineage, though he may use each of those. He requires someone with a right heart to display his power. He may call us in a direction that society, family, and friends reject, and it may not even seem to align with our natural gifts and talents. We shouldn’t limit God. His power is made perfect in weakness.

Application Question: Why does God often choose the common and/or weak over the strong to use? In what ways has God used you in your weaknesses or times of weakness? What areas of strength do you have where you might be tempted to not rely on God? How is God calling you to rely on him (and possibly his saints) more in this season?

God Uses the Righteous

Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab

1 Kings 17:1

What else can we discern about Elijah other than his humble beginnings? We can also discern that Elijah was righteous. When God looks for a man or woman to use, he looks for those practicing a lifestyle of holiness and righteousness. Where do we see this in the text?

We see it not only in the fact that Elijah challenges wicked King Ahab but also in his name, specifically. Elijah meant “My God is Yahweh.”6 Yahweh was the covenant name God gave to Moses when he set Israel free from slavery in Egypt.

Names in the Old Testament meant more than something you called somebody. It represented the character of something or someone. In fact, in ancient societies, it was common to name someone only after discerning their characteristics. When Isaac and Rebekah had children, they named their first Esau because he was hairy. They named the second Jacob because he came out grabbing the brother’s foot. Jacob means “heel grabber” or “swindler” (Gen 25). And, that’s just how Jacob lived his life—cheating people. But when he met God and wrestled with him in Genesis 32, God changed his name to Israel, because he had wrestled with God and prevailed. God changed his name because there was a change in character and calling. When someone truly encounters God, it will change the fabric of their character.

Similarly, Elijah no doubt was a man that lived for God. He was probably raised by a faithful Jewish family in the mountains who chose that the God of Jacob would be their God. Elijah, obviously, internalized their teachings and followed Yahweh, even when the rest of Israel was pursuing Baal. When Elijah confronted Ahab, he essentially said, “Unlike you and the rest of Israel, Yahweh is my God!”

When God looks for someone to use, he finds a righteous man or woman. He finds a Samuel, a David, a Josiah, a Mary and raises them up for his purposes. These people are characterized by holiness—separation from the ways of the world and a pursuit of righteousness. And this was true of Elijah. When all Israel followed Baal, Elijah followed Yahweh, God.

Prayer of the Righteous

Why is it important for the man or woman God uses to be righteous? Scripture says God, in a special way, hears the prayers of the righteous. We see support for this in James 5:16b-18, as it describes the power in Elijah’s prayers. It says,

… The prayer of a righteous person has great effectiveness. Elijah was a human being like us, and he prayed earnestly that it would not rain and there was no rain on the land for three years and six months! Then he prayed again, and the sky gave rain and the land sprouted with a harvest.

As mentioned, James used this as an apologetic for bringing the sick to the elders for prayer, as well as praying for one another (v. 15-16). He essentially says, “Don’t you know the prayers of righteous people matter! They are powerful and effective! Remember Elijah? Therefore, bring your sick to the elders to receive prayer, and pray for one another for healing.”

Why does God choose the righteous? One reason is because their prayers are powerful. It is sobering to consider that our personal righteousness, or lack of it, affects the efficacy of our prayers.

There are so many Christians that wonder, “Why doesn’t God hear my prayers? Why doesn’t he answer me? Why isn’t he using me?” It might be because of spiritual compromise and a lack of righteousness.

We see further support for this in Jesus’ words in John 15:7. He said, “If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you want, and it will be done for you.”

What did Jesus mean? He meant that there is power in a life that is consecrated to Christ. There is power in the life that is set apart to live and dwell in God’s Word. When a person abides in God’s Word and practices it as a lifestyle, God answers his or her prayers. Those are the types of people he uses. They are the world changers.

We must ask ourselves: “Do we love God’s Word? Do we read it, memorize it, teach it, and pray it? Do we make our home in it, as the Word “abide” or “remain” means? Or are we more like visitors—visiting it on occasion, obeying God’s Word when it’s convenient and doesn’t hurt?” Compromising Christians have little to no power, and God can’t use them as he would like.

James uses Elijah as encouragement not only for us to pray and seek prayer, but also for us to become righteous people—for there is power in a righteous life.

Lack of Power in a Sinful Life

But we also must consider the opposite side. A lack of personal righteousness will stifle our prayer life and the effectiveness of it. Consider these verses,

But your sinful acts have alienated you from your God; your sins have caused him to reject you and not listen to your prayers.

Isaiah 59:2

If I had harbored sin in my heart, the Lord would not have listened.

Psalm 66:18

When the Psalmist says, “harbored,” it can also be translated “cherish” (NIV), which means to love or enjoy something. Essentially, it means that if one loves sin, God will not hear his prayers. If one loves an ungodly, immoral relationship, then God won’t hear. If one loves getting a good grade, even if it means cheating, God won’t listen. If one loves nursing unforgiveness towards someone instead of forgiving, God will reject his prayers. If one loves ungodly entertainment, music, and TV shows, then it negatively affects the efficacy of his or her prayers. As we consider this, we must realize this hinders many Christians from having power in their prayers. They pray, but it’s not effective.

When God looks for a person to use, he finds a righteous person. One who says, “The Lord is my God. I’m going to be different than the rest of the world. This is why I’m waiting to have sex till marriage. This is why I won’t be dishonest at work or gossip about my boss behind his back. I want to know God, and I want him to use me.”

God looks around and sees that person and says, “That’s someone I can use! That’s a person who wants to be righteous like me. I can burden him for nations; he will pray, and my mighty arms will move to save. I can put him in a workplace, and he will mourn over their sins and I will mourn with him. I will bring revival because of his prayers.”

God hears the prayers of the righteous. Will we choose righteousness? Will we make Yahweh, the God of Israel, our God? We can’t have two masters—the world and God. We can only serve one.

James 1:7-8 says the double minded man is unstable in all his ways and he will receive nothing from God. The one living for the world and trying to live for God, at the same time, is not somebody God can use.

Application Question: How should we respond to the fact that God uses the righteous person?

1. We must repent of anything that displeases God or hinders our relationship with him.

First Thessalonians 5:22 says, “… Stay away from every form of evil.” Likewise, Ephesians 5:3-4 says,

But among you there must not be either sexual immorality, impurity of any kind, or greed, as these are not fitting for the saints. Neither should there be vulgar speech, foolish talk, or coarse jesting—all of which are out of character—but rather thanksgiving.

There should not be sexual immorality, impurity, greed, foolish talk, or coarse joking in our lives because they are not fitting for God’s people.

2. We must pursue righteousness as a lifestyle—serving God and others.

Righteousness is not just the absence of sin, it’s the presence of good deeds. Galatians 6:9-10 says,

So we must not grow weary in doing good, for in due time we will reap, if we do not give up. So then, whenever we have an opportunity, let us do good to all people, and especially to those who belong to the family of faith.

God is looking for righteous people to use, those who turn away from sin and pursue purity in heart and deeds to honor God. Matthew 5:8 says, “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.”

Are we willing to let God use us?

Application Question: Why does God often choose the righteous to use greatly for his purposes? How is God calling you to grow in righteous character and deeds and to help others do the same?

Conclusion

What are characteristics of the person God uses?

  1. God Uses the Common and Weak
  2. God Uses the Righteous

Again, 2 Chronicles 16:9 says, “Certainly the Lord watches the whole earth carefully and is ready to strengthen those who are devoted to him.”

Application Question: What stood out most in the reading and why? What questions or applications did you take from the reading?

Prayer Prompts

  • Pray for God to purify his church from sin and spiritual apathy and restore to it a zeal for the Word and righteousness.
  • Pray for God to raise up the common, the weak, and the righteous and put them in strategic places for his glory and to change the world.
  • Pray for God to bring revival in the world through the church and his Spirit within her.

Copyright © 2022 Gregory Brown

Unless otherwise noted, the primary Scriptures used are taken from the NET Bible ® copyright © 1996-2016 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. All rights reserved.

Holy Bible, New International Version ®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®) Copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. All rights reserved.

Scripture quotations marked (NLT) are taken from the Holy Bible, New Living Translation, Copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Scripture quotations marked (NASB) are taken from the New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, and 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.

Scripture quotations marked (KJV) are from the King James Version of the Bible.

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1 Charles R. Swindoll. Elijah: A Man of Heroism and Humility (Great Lives From God’s Word 5: Profiles in Character from Charles R. Swindoll) (Kindle Locations 103-104). Kindle Edition.

2 Pritchard, Ray. Fire and Rain: the Wild-Hearted Faith of Elijah . Keep Believing Ministries. Kindle Edition.

3 Accessed 10/16/20 from https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/gilead/

4 Accessed 7/14/17 from https://www.moody.edu/about/our-bold-legacy/d-l-moody/

5 Accessed 3/17/2016 from http://hirr.hartsem.edu/bookshelf/thumma_article2.html

6 Davis, D. R. (2002). 1 Kings: The Wisdom and the Folly (p. 201). Great Britain: Christian Focus Publications.

Related Topics: Character Study, Christian Life

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