Did God the Father raise God the Son, or did Jesus raise Himself from the dead?
I think your question relates to the Trinity. Who created the heavens and the earth? According to Genesis 1, we could say God the Father, but notice that the Spirit of God is also involved (Genesis 1:2). Then there is Proverbs chapter 8, verses 22-31, where “Wisdom” was associated with the Father in Creation. Is “Wisdom” here the Son of God? If not, John 1:3 and Colossians 1:16 make it clear that the Lord Jesus was the Creator.
If we were to ask, “Who is it that saves men?” Would our answer not be the same? God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit are all involved. When it comes to the resurrection of our Lord, then, we have a pretty good idea what the answer must be:
- God the Father raised Jesus (Acts 2:24, 32; 3:15, 26; 4:10; 5:30; 10:40; 13:30, 33, 34, 37).
- God raised Him up again (Rom. 4:24; 6:4 [through the glory of the Father]); 10:9; 1 Cor. 6:14; Gal. 1:1; Col. 2:12).
- The Holy Spirit is somehow involved in the resurrection of Jesus:
Romans 8:11 “But if the Spirit of Him who raised…”
Romans 1:4 “who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,…”
- The Son Himself lays down His life and takes it up again — John 10:17-18
It seems as though the answer is that all of the Trinity is involved in the Resurrection.