Have you ever thought about what kind of relationship Abraham and Isaac must have had? Abraham had waited years for God to give him a son through Sarah, a son who was the answer to God’s promise to Abraham. Can you imagine what it must have felt like to be told to sacrifice that very son? Had I been Abraham, I would have been tempted to think that God was being cruel to me. I probably would have asked, “God, why did you ever give Isaac to me in the first place if you were only going to take him away from me in this way?” But it is not recorded what went through Abraham’s mind during this time. We only know that he obeyed step by step. And Isaac must have loved his father so deeply that he trusted him every step of the way to Mount Moriah. He willingly let his father lay him upon the logs for the sacrifice. Can you imagine what must have been going through Isaac’s mind as he watched his father raise the knife to kill him? Their relationship was obviously one of love and trust. Abraham withheld nothing from God, not even his most prized possession, his promised son. And Isaac trusted Abraham even when he didn’t understand what was happening. We can learn much about our own relationship with God as we look at this chapter of Abraham’s life.
“Father, open my heart to hear your Word. Show me if I am withholding anything from you. Help me trust you so deeply that I would be willing to make whatever sacrifice You ask of me, knowing that You love me and want what’s best for me.”
1. What exactly did God ask Abraham to do in order to test him?
2. Why would this be particularly difficult in light of last week’s passages and Genesis 21:1-8, 12?
3. What are some possible reasons why God tested Abraham at this point of his life and in this way? Hadn’t he already shown his faith in God by waiting for his promised son to be born?
4. What else was significant about Mount Moriah according to 2 Chronicles 3:1?
5. How do you know when God is testing you?
6. What is your most prized “possession”? How would you respond if God asked you to let go of it and give it back to Him?
1. What observations can you make about how Abraham responded to God’s request?
2. How many days did Abraham have on the journey to Mount Moriah to think about what He would be doing? Why would God send him to Mount Moriah instead of having him sacrifice his son there in Beersheba?
3. How is Abraham’s faith evident here?
4. What thoughts would have been running through your mind had you been Abraham? Isaac?
5. Is it acceptable to question God in terms of why He is doing something? Explain your answer.
6. How has God tested you and how have you responded to those tests?
1. What observations do you make concerning the relationship between Abraham and Isaac?
2. What was God looking for in order for Abraham to “pass” the test?
3. What did God reconfirm in His promise to Abraham?
4. Were the promises reconfirmed because of Abraham’s action or because of his faith? Explain your answer.
5. How does one develop complete trust in a relationship?
6. How does your life reflect that you “fear God” and would not withhold anything from Him?
God did not want Isaac’s life; He wanted Abraham’s heart. Isaac was dear to Abraham, and God wanted to be sure that Isaac was not an idol standing between Him and Abraham. It was possible that Abraham was trusting Isaac to fulfill the promises and not trusting God.4
1. What insight does this passage give concerning the reasoning behind Abraham’s decision to obey by sacrificing Isaac?
2. What does verse 19 indicate about Abraham’s view of God? How does this relate to his comment in Genesis 22:5?
3. What does the last part of verse 19 mean? The NASB reads, “…from which he also received him back as a type.”
4. What do you learn about God from this passage and the Genesis narrative?
5. Why are relationships an area that God often uses to “test” us?
6. Is every difficult experience in life a test from God? Support your answer.
1. What is the relationship between faith and works?
2. What does James mean when he says that Abraham was justified by works when he offered up Isaac, and a man is “justified by works and not by faith alone”?
3. Is he contradicting what Paul is saying in Romans 3:28 and Ephesians 2:8-9? Why or why not?
4. How would you define the term “justification”?
5. What is our justification based on?
I will be the first to admit that I don’t like being tested. I’m not even sure I have a passing record on the tests that God has given me. However, I know that what He places before me in terms of testing is for my good. I will grow in my faith. I will come to depend more on Him. I will see His love for me more clearly. I want the results, but I hate the process. Abraham was a great example of a man who passed the test with flying colors. He trusted God and God’s intentions for him so deeply that he was willing to make the ultimate sacrifice in his life.
“Lord, give me that kind of faith. Help me trust You so deeply that I would be willing to make whatever sacrifice you ask of me, knowing that you love me and want what’s best for me.”
1 Isobel Kuhn, In the Arena (Robesonia, PA: Overseas Missionary Fellowship, 1984), 97.
2 Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary: Pentateuch (Colorado Springs: Cook, 2001), 104.
3 W. H. Griffith Thomas, Genesis (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing, 1946), 195.
4Wiersbe, Warren W., Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the Old Testament. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1993), Ge 21:1
5 Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, 104.