Purpose: It is the purpose of this session to help the disciple understand the many aspects of God’s nature and characteristics that are revealed in His names. It is important to remember that no one name could convey adequately all the fullness of what or whom God is.
1. The disciple will understand more fully the righteousness of God with respect to His dealings with men.
2. The disciple will understand and be able to see how all things are under Jehovah’s suzerainty.
3. The disciple will experience greater peace and assurance because of the Father’s nature.
4. The disciple will develop a greater understanding of the wonder and might of the Sovereign of the universe.
To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write the following: “This is the solemn pronouncement of the Holy One, the True One, who holds the key of David, who opens doors no one can shut, and shuts doors no one can open: ‘I know your deeds.’
1. Mutual prayer and accountability
2. Discuss the worksheet.
3. Discuss the questions
4. Discuss new terms.
5. Share Scripture memory.
This is perhaps the most familiar chapter in the Old Testament. The Psalm is a short Psalm...only six verses. But it is filled with words that elaborate on the central statement in which this compound name is included: vs. 1, "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want." Perhaps it is as the little boy said when he misread it, "The Lord is my shepherd, I don't want anything else."
This is only one of the three Psalms that are the Shepherd Psalms. Psalm 22 is the Psalm of the Good Shepherd, laying down His life for His sheep. Psalm 24 is the Psalm of the Chief Shepherd, Who is coming again. And this Psalm is the Psalm of the Great Shepherd Who cares so intensely for His sheep.
Read Psalm 23 several times and write down all of the ways He promises to care for you.
What are some ways people can be likened to sheep?
Isaiah 53:6; 1 Peter 2:25.
Numbers 27:17. What does the previous verse imply about sheep?
Now read John 10 and see how the Lord Jesus—Jehovah-Rohi—becomes the perfect Shepherd of the sheep. Fill in the blanks that speak of His ministry.
He speaks, and the sheep __________________ his voice, vs. 3. When they hear his voice, they _____________ Him, vs. 27. This speaks of an intimate relationship with Him. They know the shepherd so well, they will _______ ________ a stranger whose voice they do not know, vs. 4,5. In the sheepfold, there is but one gate. _________________is the gate by which the sheep enter. The Good Shepherd is willing to _____ ______ _____ ______ for His sheep, vs. 11. He is able through this to provide life so that they might_______ _____ ________ _____________, vs. 10. This life can also be called ____________ _________ , vs. 28. They will never _______________. How is His ultimate protection of the sheep shown? vs. 28-30.
Compare this with Romans 8:38-39. What great biblical truth do these verses (John 10:27-29 and Romans 8:38-39) teach?
What does John 10:16 teach about His shepherding work and the unity of His flock?
What evidences of the shepherding work of Christ are in your life today?
"Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I fear no evil, for you are with me." Psalm 23:4
"Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me
all the days of my life."
There are several other compound names of Jehovah. These are exemplary of additional ways the Lord Jehovah relates to us as His children. We would encourage you to study these on your own. The more fully we know Him, the more fully we can love and serve Him.
"God is our Refuge and Strength,
A very present help in trouble."
Read the entire text of Judges 6, and describe in your own words the setting in which this revelation of the name of Jehovah became known to man.
1. What kind of person was Gideon? vs. 12
Something God says always makes the difference. What was this in vs. 16?
What does this say to us today—to you and me as we think of being used by God to serve Him?
See 1 Corinthians 1:27. How did God further demonstrate His ability to do great and mighty things through that which was weak? See Judges 7:2-8.
2. What was Gideon's response to this revelation of God's presence and His desire to deliver Israel? Judges 7:16-22.
How did the Midianites respond to all of this? Judges 7:22.
3. The revelation of the Name of the Lord, Judges 6:24. What is the name of the Lord as revealed in this story? ______ ________ ____ _________. Shalom is introduced as a name given in relation to Jehovah. Jehovah-Shalom is the name; literally the "Lord is Peace." This is a name that speaks in practical ways of the effect of knowing Jehovah God in our lives in very personal ways.
One of the many problems encountered in living in our world today is the problem of anxiety. Most major disorders of our minds are those related in some way to anxiety. Let's look at some of the promises given to us today by Jehovah-Shalom.
Isaiah 32:17 tells us that the work of righteousness will be ______________ and the service of righteousness, ______________ and ________________ forever. We are encouraged to___________________________________, Philippians 4:6. When we seem to be confronted with anxiety-producing things, we are to ____ ____ _______ ____ ______ ________ to God. What promise is ours when we do this? vs. 7.
This seems to imply that I should never be anxious. In reality, it is saying that I need never let anxiety control me. Anxiety is a God-given human emotion. We had better be anxious about some things!
1 Peter 5:7 tells me I am to_______________________________________ because He cares. How do we do this? Psalm 55:22.
Look up these additional verses and see how they contribute to our sense of peace in this world.
Isaiah 41:10 tells us not to fear for what reason?
4. What practical steps can you take to make Jehovah-Shalom a reality in your life today?
We now come to the name Jehovah-Tsidkenu — a name that is more obscure to the average Bible student, but nevertheless so very crucial in our understanding of all that God has done for us. The name is found in Jeremiah 23:5-6. A “righteous branch” is promised to Israel; One who someday will be king over Israel. His name is to be Jehovah-Tsidkenu or Jehovah our Righteousness.
Israel had been carried into captivity, and now the same was to happen to Judah. It would seem that the promises of God would never be fulfilled. Such was not to be the case, however, and Jeremiah speaks of the day when a righteous king would return and set up His righteous kingdom and reign and do judgment on the earth.
Consider the meaning of the word “tsedek.” The name Jehovah-Tsidkenu draws its meaning from this word. Some say the word has within it the meaning of “stiff” or “straight.” It is a word that is used in relation to God’s dealing with men. Though difficult to translate, it has to do with such things as justification, righteousness, and acquittal. When coupled with the name “Jehovah,” it means that all He does is ever and only righteous. He is the sole source of all that is righteous and good.
This has great implications for us. First, how can I stand before One who is always perfect in all holiness and righteousness? I am a hopeless sinner! Thinking of some of our early studies in this ministry, when and how is this possible? How can I, a sinner completely stained by evil, ever think I could stand before a holy God? What would be necessary for this?
It is Jehovah-Tsidkenu who covers me with His righteousness that provides a shelter for me in His presence. I stand before Him both innocent and righteous, and this is assured by His _____________ and _________________, Romans 4:25.
Secondly, how does this aspect of “Who He is” affect the life I live today? Perhaps the question could be better asked, What does this have to do with the life I live in this world with regard to “being good” and my appearance at the Bema?
This name is one that applies to Jesus as well as to the Father. He is our Jehovah-Tsidkenu. How does Peter describe Christ on the day of Pentecost? See Acts 3:14.
1. What great attribute of the Father and the Lord Jesus are alluded to in the name Jehovah-Tsidkenu?
2. This question is to be answered in a very personal way. What does “Jehovah-Tsidkenu” mean to you with respect to your security during the twenty-first century? Answer in the light of your preparation for living, supporting a family, your life goal, your ultimate death and the legacy you will leave after this life is over.
3.Considering your thoughtful answers to this question. What changes are you about to make in your ultimate life goals?
Again, when you journal, record things that go on in your life that could be applicable to these three compound names of Jehovah.
See if you can share these concepts with a friend. Most people who know anything at all about the Bible will have some knowledge of Psalm 23. Knowing God can be more complete when these names are understood.