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A Word from Kay Daigle on how to use the resources for this study…I want to encourage you to complete the personal lesson below before you click on any of the accompanying elements that may be found with this lesson (audio lecture, manuscript, PowerPoint, or handout). This study was written to help you maximize your personal spiritual growth. That means that you first spend time with God through His word, and then hopefully, discuss what you learned with a small group of women. After that, if you want to hear the audio (or read the manuscript) and follow the PowerPoint, filling in the handout, then that is a great time to do it! I cannot cover all the verses in depth, but you can read and study them for yourself. It is best for you to think through the passages before hearing what anyone else thinks, even me! You will find some lessons without lectures. At our church we use some of those weeks to spend extra time in our small groups sharing life stories, having a longer prayer time, or expressing how God is working in our lives.
“Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord.”
Spoken about Jesus in Luke 19:38 (NET)
We have followed Jesus through His Galilean ministry and on the journey to Jerusalem. Finally, He reached the end of the journey where He spent the final days before His death teaching the people who gathered for the Passover Feast. Hear Him as He reached out, seeking them. Watch as many of His own people rejected Him as their King.
Read Luke 19:28-40.
This event must be understood in the light of Jesus’ heritage. Remember that He was the descendant of David, in the line of the Jewish kings. He was the rightful King of the Jews, promised throughout the Old Testament and anticipated as the one to bring them freedom from foreign oppression.
1. In the light of this background, why was it significant that the crowds called him their king? Memorize the Precious Word from God.
2. Contrast the response of the disciples in the crowd to that of the Pharisees.
The NET Bible comments on Jesus’ words in Luke 19:40: “I tell you, if they keep silent, the very stones will cry out!”1
This statement amounts to a rebuke. The idiom of creation speaking means that even creation knows what is taking place, yet the Pharisees miss it.
3.Sharing question: Have you come home to Jesus as your king? Do you bow the knee and accept His will in your life? Do you see Him as your ruler? How can you measure your allegiance to Him as your King and to His kingdom?
Read Luke 19:41-44.
4. Why did Jesus weep over Jerusalem?
Have you recognized that God visited you in Jesus? Have you seen His work in your life? Have you responded to the fact that He came seeking you? If not, Jesus weeps over you, just as He did over this city. He calls out and asks you to believe in Him by trusting Him to forgive you of all your sins and bring you home to God.
5.Sharing question: Consider how you may miss God at work right in front of you, just as these Jewish leaders did. Perhaps you believe that He is at work, but you get so busy and involved in your own life that you fail to notice what He is doing around you. Or perhaps you have your own agenda for His work and do not accept anything else as being from Him. Are you really aware of God’s presence and His speaking to you daily? What can you do to become more in tune with the work and the voice of God?
6.Responding to God: Spend the rest of your time simply listening to what God wants to say to you about your sensitivity to His presence, His voice, and His work in the world.
Read Luke 19:45-48.
7. Why did Jesus drive out those selling in the temple?
8. In light of Jesus’ comments, what problems do you see with making it convenient to buy the animals and other items needed for sacrifices?
9. Can you think of any way that we may detract from worship in our churches today, as those buying and selling in the temple did then?
10. Luke 19:47-48 describes this final week in Jesus’ life in a general way. Contrast what was going on with the people with what the leaders were doing.
Dr. Bock helps us understand the significance of the cleansing of the temple at this point in the story:2
The connection between Jesus ‘entry and his first public act in the temple should not be ignored. The linkage makes Jesus’ act one of messianic and prophetic authority. . . A prophet who also saw himself as a king had to be stopped, especially if he was going to impose himself on the nation’s worship.
Darrell Bock in Luke
11.Sharing question: As believers, our bodies are God’s temple today, under His authority rather than our own (1 Cor. 6:19-20). In what ways do you fail to use your body for God’s glory—failure to eat properly, failure to exercise, sex outside of marriage, looking at things you should not see, etc.? Commit to one change that you will make today to drive this out of your life.
12.Responding to God: Write a prayer committing this to God.
Read Luke 20:1-8.
13. How did the Jewish leaders confront Jesus?
14. What did their answer and their reasoning reveal about them?
Read Luke 20:9-19.
This story is likely an allegory rather than a parable because of the great number of points that correspond with reality.3
15. Explain Jesus’ allegory. How was it directed against the leaders?
Read Luke 20:20-26.
16. How did Jesus avoid the trickery of the leaders?
17.Sharing question: Jesus outsmarted the smartest of the nation’s leaders over and over. His words reveal His great wisdom. In what area do you need Him to give you wisdom today? Why?
18.Responding to God: Write a prayer expressing your desire to avoid the kind of unbelief that these leaders showed throughout Jesus’ ministry.
Read Luke 20:27-40.
The Sadducees did not believe in either the resurrection or in angels.4
19. How did Jesus’ reply suggest that they were wrong in all these beliefs?
Read Luke 20:41-44.
Jesus turned the tables on the leaders who kept trying to trick Him with their questions by asking them a question. David’s descendants were in the line of the kings and the expected Messiah; even these leaders believed that Messiah would come from the Davidic line.
20. Read Psalm 110 from which this quote comes. What did David tell us about the Messiah?
21. Read Acts 2:22-39 and Luke 22:69. How would you answer Jesus’ question to the Sadducees?
Read Luke 20:45-21:4.
22. Contrast the attitudes that Jesus condemned in the leaders and the attitude He commended in the widow.
23.Sharing question: Something in us loves attention, popularity, and success; thus, these desires motivate our actions. Think of one action you have taken in order to achieve personal honor and share it with your group. If you are unsure, think of a time when no one noticed something you did and you were upset at being overlooked.
24.Responding to God: Confess the sin of seeking personal honor to God. Ask Him for the grace to recognize this in yourself when it surfaces.
Today’s lesson is full of Jesus’ teaching about the future. Someday we may cover Jesus’ prophecies in detail; however, today all we can do is look at some of His main points. In order to better understand them, you may find Dr. Bock’s comments helpful:5
Jesus’ eschatological discourse links together two such events, the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 and the events of the end signaling his return to earth. Because the events are patterned after one another and mirror one another, some of Jesus’ language applies to both. . . Luke clearly shows how the destruction of A.D. 70 is distinct from but related to the end. The two events should not be confused, but Jerusalem’s destruction, when it comes, will guarantee as well as picture the end, since an event mirrors the other. Both are a part of God’s plan as events move toward the end.
Darrell Bock in Luke
Read Luke 21:5-28.
25. List some of the main events predicted in the discourse. Consider each one and whether it seems to relate to the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 or the time of Jesus’ return. Write down your understanding of each.
26. What questions do you have about these events? Sometimes I find it helpful to write down my confusion so that I can think about it later. There won’t be time in your small group to answer these, but at least you will clearly know what you don’t know.
Read Luke 21:29-38.
27. What attitudes are Christ-followers to have while waiting for the events that have not yet occurred?
28.Sharing question: What we truly believe affects how we live. How do your actions show that you believe a day of judgment is coming or that you do not really believe it?
29.Responding to God: Over and over in this lesson we have seen the authority of Jesus, the Messiah and King, revealed. Bow the knee before Him and give Him your allegiance, just as you have seen a knight do before a king. He deserves all of your loyalty. Write down your prayer.
As Jesus cleaned out the temple to restore true worship, there may be areas in our lives that need cleaning out so that God may rule there and we are truly home.
A while back, I asked the Lord to show me sin in my life that needed to be “cleaned out,” so that I could grow closer to Him in my walk. He began to convict me of being judgmental and critical of a few people in my life. These people were ones that I had a very hard time dealing with and relating to. We were different in our beliefs and ways of living. I knew that they were in my life for a reason and some would be in my life forever. I really needed to get my heart right about them and I was becoming bitter toward them. It was painful and tiring to hold bitterness toward them and I knew I needed to let it go and give it to the Lord.
I grew up in a Christian home and had very strong “black and white” convictions about things. I felt like everyone should believe the way I did and should stay away from things that I considered sin for my life. I became critical of Christians who did things that I felt were wrong and began to judge them in their faith.
The Lord began to show me that I needed to give these people the kind of grace (undeserved favor) that He has given me through His son, Jesus. I knew I could not do it on my own, because I had tried and I always ended up frustrated with these people and I would fail at showing them grace. So I prayed that the Lord would work through me to clean out this sin in me.
I also turned to His Word for guidance and began to see how merciful and compassionate the Lord is to us even thought we are sinners and don’t deserve it. The scriptures that He gave me that really helped me to see his grace and convict me of my judging others were: Exodus 34:6 “The Lord, The Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin.” Also Matthew 7:1-5 “Do not judge, or you too will be judged. For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you. Why do you speak of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay not attention to the plank in your own eye? How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out to your eye,’ when all the time there is a plank in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.” These verses really convicted my heart and revealed my sin to me even more.
He also showed me through an evangelism training class that we are called as believers to reach out to the lost and not judge them for the sin in their life. How could I ever bring someone to Christ if I could not get past their sin to show them the love of Jesus? Being critical of them would not be a good witness to them of what a Christian is like. They might say, “If that is what a Christian is like, than forget it!” In Matthew 9:12 Jesus says “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. But go and learn what this means: ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice,’ for I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”
I have been justified by His grace and I wanted to give that grace to those people in my life! Over the past few weeks I have learned so much about God’s grace for me and through prayer and reading His word, He is strengthening me to show that grace to these people in my life. I have had such a peace around them and desire to just love them. My feelings and attitude have really changed toward them. I don’t have the bitterness toward them that I use to have. I know that the Lord wanted this sin out of my life and by my obedience to Him he has “cleaned me out “and filled me up with more of Him. I know that there will be challenging times again with these people, but I will lean on the Lord to give me His grace, so that I can pass that grace on to them.
1 NET Bible Note 8, p. 1867.
2 Bock, 317.
3 Bock, 321.
4 Bock, 325.
5 Bock, 333.