Lord of the Sabbath
12:1 At that time Jesus went through the grain fields on a Sabbath. His1 disciples were hungry, and they began to pick heads of wheat2 and eat them. 12:2 But when the Pharisees3 saw this they said to him, “Look, your disciples are doing what is against the law to do on the Sabbath.” 12:3 He4 said to them, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry – 12:4 how he entered the house of God and they ate5 the sacred bread,6 which was against the law7 for him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests?8 12:5 Or have you not read in the law that the priests in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are not guilty? 12:6 I9 tell you that something greater than the temple is here. 12:7 If10 you had known what this means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice,’11 you would not have condemned the innocent. 12:8 For the Son of Man is lord12 of the Sabbath.”
12:9 Then13 Jesus14 left that place and entered their synagogue.15 12:10 A16 man was there who had a withered17 hand. And they asked Jesus,18 “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”19 so that they could accuse him. 12:11 He said to them, “Would not any one of you, if he had one sheep that fell into a pit on the Sabbath, take hold of it and lift it out? 12:12 How much more valuable is a person than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” 12:13 Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out and it was restored,20 as healthy as the other. 12:14 But the Pharisees went out and plotted against him, as to how they could assassinate21 him.
God’s Special Servant
12:15 Now when Jesus learned of this, he went away from there. Great22 crowds23 followed him, and he healed them all. 12:16 But he sternly warned them not to make him known. 12:17 This fulfilled what was spoken by Isaiah the prophet:24
12:18 “Here is25 my servant whom I have chosen,
the one I love, in whom I take great delight.26
I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
12:19 He will not quarrel or cry out,
nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
12:20 He will not break a bruised reed or extinguish a smoldering wick,
until he brings justice to victory.
12:21 And in his name the Gentiles27 will hope.”28
Jesus and Beelzebul
12:22 Then they brought to him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute. Jesus29 healed him so that he could speak and see.30 12:23 All the crowds were amazed and said, “Could this one be the Son of David?” 12:24 But when the Pharisees31 heard this they said, “He does not cast out demons except by the power of Beelzebul,32 the ruler33 of demons!” 12:25 Now when Jesus34 realized what they were thinking, he said to them,35 “Every kingdom divided against itself is destroyed,36 and no town or house divided against itself will stand. 12:26 So if37 Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 12:27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons38 cast them39 out? For this reason they will be your judges. 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God40 has already overtaken41 you. 12:29 How42 else can someone enter a strong man’s43 house and steal his property, unless he first ties up the strong man? Then he can thoroughly plunder the house.44 12:30 Whoever is not with me is against me,45 and whoever does not gather with me scatters.46 12:31 For this reason I tell you, people will be forgiven for every sin and blasphemy,47 but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 12:32 Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven.48 But whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven,49 either in this age or in the age to come.
Trees and Their Fruit
12:33 “Make a tree good and its fruit will be good, or make a tree bad50 and its fruit will be bad, for a tree is known by its fruit. 12:34 Offspring of vipers! How are you able to say anything good, since you are evil? For the mouth speaks from what fills the heart. 12:35 The good person51 brings good things out of his52 good treasury,53 and the evil person brings evil things out of his evil treasury. 12:36 I54 tell you that on the day of judgment, people will give an account for every worthless word they speak. 12:37 For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”
The Sign of Jonah
12:38 Then some of the experts in the law55 along with some Pharisees56 answered him,57 “Teacher, we want to see a sign58 from you.” 12:39 But he answered them,59 “An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 12:40 For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish60 for three days and three nights,61 so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. 12:41 The people62 of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented when Jonah preached to them63 – and now,64 something greater than Jonah is here! 12:42 The queen of the South65 will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon – and now,66 something greater than Solomon is here!
The Return of the Unclean Spirit
12:43 “When67 an unclean spirit68 goes out of a person,69 it passes through waterless places70 looking for rest but71 does not find it. 12:44 Then it says, ‘I will return to the home I left.’72 When it returns,73 it finds the house74 empty, swept clean, and put in order.75 12:45 Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they go in and live there, so76 the last state of that person is worse than the first. It will be that way for this evil generation as well!”
Jesus’ True Family
12:46 While Jesus77 was still speaking to the crowds,78 his mother and brothers79 came and80 stood outside, asking81 to speak to him. 12:4782 Someone83 told him, “Look, your mother and your brothers are standing outside wanting84 to speak to you.” 12:48 To the one who had said this, Jesus85 replied,86 “Who is my mother and who are my brothers?” 12:49 And pointing87 toward his disciples he said, “Here88 are my mother and my brothers! 12:50 For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is89 my brother and sister and mother.”