The Parable of the Tenants
12:1 Then1 he began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard.2 He put a fence around it, dug a pit for its winepress, and built a watchtower. Then3 he leased it to tenant farmers4 and went on a journey. 12:2 At harvest time he sent a slave5 to the tenants to collect from them6 his portion of the crop.7 12:3 But8 those tenants9 seized his slave,10 beat him,11 and sent him away empty-handed.12 12:4 So13 he sent another slave to them again. This one they struck on the head and treated outrageously. 12:5 He sent another, and that one they killed. This happened to many others, some of whom were beaten, others killed. 12:6 He had one left, his one dear son.14 Finally he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 12:7 But those tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and the inheritance will be ours!’ 12:8 So15 they seized him,16 killed him, and threw his body17 out of the vineyard.18 12:9 What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy19 those tenants and give the vineyard to others.20 12:10 Have you not read this scripture:
‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.21
12:11 This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?”22
12:12 Now23 they wanted to arrest him (but they feared the crowd), because they realized that he told this parable against them. So24 they left him and went away.25
Paying Taxes to Caesar
12:13 Then26 they sent some of the Pharisees27 and Herodians28 to trap him with his own words.29 12:14 When they came they said to him, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful and do not court anyone’s favor, because you show no partiality30 but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth.31 Is it right32 to pay taxes33 to Caesar34 or not? Should we pay or shouldn’t we?” 12:15 But he saw through their hypocrisy and said35 to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius36 and let me look at it.” 12:16 So37 they brought one, and he said to them, “Whose image38 is this, and whose inscription?” They replied,39 “Caesar’s.” 12:17 Then Jesus said to them, “Give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”40 And they were utterly amazed at him.
Marriage and the Resurrection
12:18 Sadducees41 (who say there is no resurrection)42 also came to him and asked him,43 12:19 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us: ‘If a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, that man44 must marry45 the widow and father children46 for his brother.’47 12:20 There were seven brothers. The first one married,48 and when he died he had no children. 12:21 The second married her and died without any children, and likewise the third. 12:22 None of the seven had children. Finally, the woman died too. 12:23 In the resurrection, when they rise again,49 whose wife will she be? For all seven had married her.”50 12:24 Jesus said to them, “Aren’t you deceived51 for this reason, because you don’t know the scriptures or the power of God? 12:25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels52 in heaven. 12:26 Now as for the dead being raised,53 have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush,54 how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the55 God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?56 12:27 He is not the God of the dead but of the living.57 You are badly mistaken!”
The Greatest Commandment
12:28 Now58 one of the experts in the law59 came and heard them debating. When he saw that Jesus60 answered them well, he asked him, “Which commandment is the most important of all?” 12:29 Jesus answered, “The most important is: ‘Listen, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. 12:30 Love61 the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’62 12:31 The second is: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’63 There is no other commandment greater than these.” 12:32 The expert in the law said to him, “That is true, Teacher; you are right to say that he is one, and there is no one else besides him.64 12:33 And to love him with all your heart, with all your mind, and with all your strength65 and to love your neighbor as yourself66 is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 12:34 When Jesus saw that he had answered thoughtfully, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” Then no one dared any longer to question him.
The Messiah: David’s Son and Lord
12:35 While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts, he said, “How is it that the experts in the law67 say that the Christ68 is David’s son?69 12:36 David himself, by the Holy Spirit, said,
‘The Lord said to my lord,70
“Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet.”’71
12:37 If David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?”72 And the large crowd was listening to him with delight.
Warnings About Experts in the Law
12:38 In his teaching Jesus73 also said, “Watch out for the experts in the law.74 They like walking75 around in long robes and elaborate greetings76 in the marketplaces, 12:39 and the best seats in the synagogues77 and the places of honor at banquets. 12:40 They78 devour widows’ property,79 and as a show make long prayers. These men will receive a more severe punishment.”
The Widow’s Offering
12:41 Then80 he81 sat down opposite the offering box,82 and watched the crowd putting coins into it. Many rich people were throwing in large amounts. 12:42 And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins,83 worth less than a penny. 12:43 He called his disciples and said to them, “I tell you the truth,84 this poor widow has put more into the offering box85 than all the others.86 12:44 For they all gave out of their wealth.87 But she, out of her poverty, put in what she had to live on, everything she had.”88