Regulations for the Sabbatical Year
Regulations for the Jubilee Year of Release
25:8 “‘You must count off9 seven weeks of years, seven times seven years,10 and the days of the seven weeks of years will amount to forty-nine years.11 25:9 You must sound loud horn blasts12 – in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, on the Day of Atonement – you must sound the horn in your entire land. 25:10 So you must consecrate the fiftieth year,13 and you must proclaim a release14 in the land for all its inhabitants. That year will be your jubilee;15 each one of you must return16 to his property and each one of you must return to his clan. 25:11 That fiftieth year will be your jubilee; you must not sow the land, harvest its aftergrowth, or pick the grapes of its unpruned vines.17 25:12 Because that year is a jubilee, it will be holy to you – you may eat its produce18 from the field.
Release of Landed Property
25:13 “‘In this year of jubilee you must each return19 to your property.
25:14 If you make a sale20 to your fellow citizen21 or buy22 from your fellow citizen, no one is to wrong his brother.23
25:15 You may buy it from your fellow citizen according to the number of years since24 the last jubilee; he may sell it to you according to the years of produce that are left.25
25:16 The more years there are,26 the more you may make its purchase price, and the fewer years there are,27 the less you must make its purchase price, because he is only selling to you a number of years of28 produce.
25:17 No one is to oppress his fellow citizen,29 but you must fear your God, because I am the
25:19 “‘The land will give its fruit and you may eat until you are satisfied,32 and you may live securely in the land. 25:20 If you say, ‘What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not sow and gather our produce?’ 25:21 I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year so that it may yield33 the produce34 for three years, 25:22 and you may sow the eighth year and eat from that sixth year’s produce35 – old produce. Until you bring in the ninth year’s produce,36 you may eat old produce. 25:23 The land must not be sold without reclaim37 because the land belongs to me, for you are foreigners and residents with me.38 25:24 In all your landed property39 you must provide for the right of redemption of the land.40
25:25 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished and sells some of his property, his near redeemer is to come to you and redeem what his brother sold.41 25:26 If a man has no redeemer, but he prospers42 and gains enough for its redemption,43 25:27 he is to calculate the value of the years it was sold,44 refund the balance45 to the man to whom he had sold it, and return to his property. 25:28 If he has not prospered enough to refund46 a balance to him, then what he sold47 will belong to48 the one who bought it until the jubilee year, but it must revert49 in the jubilee and the original owner50 may return to his property.
Release of Houses
25:29 “‘If a man sells a residential house in a walled city,51 its right of redemption must extend52 until one full year from its sale;53 its right of redemption must extend to a full calendar year.54 25:30 If it is not redeemed before the full calendar year is ended,55 the house in the walled city56 will belong without reclaim57 to the one who bought it throughout his generations; it will not revert in the jubilee. 25:31 The houses of villages, however,58 which have no wall surrounding them59 must be considered as the field60 of the land; they will have the right of redemption and must revert in the jubilee. 25:32 As for61 the cities of the Levites, the houses in the cities which they possess,62 the Levites must have a perpetual right of redemption. 25:33 Whatever someone among the Levites might redeem – the sale of a house which is his property in a city – must revert in the jubilee,63 because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their property in the midst of the Israelites. 25:34 Moreover,64 the open field areas of their cities65 must not be sold, because that is their perpetual possession.
Debt and Slave Regulations
25:35 “‘If your brother66 becomes impoverished and is indebted to you,67 you must support68 him; he must live69 with you like a foreign resident.70
25:36 Do not take interest or profit from him,71 but you must fear your God and your brother must live72 with you.
25:37 You must not lend him your money at interest and you must not sell him food for profit.73
25:38 I am the
25:39 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished with regard to you so that he sells himself to you, you must not subject him to slave service.75 25:40 He must be with you as a hired worker, as a resident foreigner;76 he must serve with you until the year of jubilee, 25:41 but then77 he may go free,78 he and his children with him, and may return to his family and to the property of his ancestors.79 25:42 Since they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt, they must not be sold in a slave sale.80 25:43 You must not rule over him harshly,81 but you must fear your God.
25:44 “‘As for your male and female slaves82 who may belong to you – you may buy male and female slaves from the nations all around you.83 25:45 Also you may buy slaves84 from the children of the foreigners who reside with you, and from their families that are85 with you, whom they have fathered in your land, they may become your property. 25:46 You may give them as inheritance to your children after you to possess as property. You may enslave them perpetually. However, as for your brothers the Israelites, no man may rule over his brother harshly.86
25:47 “‘If a resident foreigner who is with you prospers87 and your brother becomes impoverished with regard to him so that88 he sells himself to a resident foreigner who is with you or to a member89 of a foreigner’s family,
25:48 after he has sold himself he retains a right of redemption.90 One of his brothers may redeem him,
25:49 or his uncle or his cousin91 may redeem him, or anyone of the rest of his blood relatives – his family92 – may redeem him, or if93 he prospers he may redeem himself.
25:50 He must calculate with the one who bought him the number of years94 from the year he sold himself to him until the jubilee year, and the cost of his sale must correspond to the number of years, according to the rate of wages a hired worker would have earned while with him.95
25:51 If there are still many years, in keeping with them96 he must refund most of the cost of his purchase for his redemption,
25:52 but if only a few years remain97 until the jubilee, he must calculate for himself in keeping with the remaining years and refund it for his redemption.
25:53 He must be with the one who bought him98 like a yearly hired worker.99 The one who bought him100 must not rule over him harshly in your sight.
25:54 If, however,101 he is not redeemed in these ways, he must go free102 in the jubilee year, he and his children with him,
25:55 because the Israelites are my own servants;103 they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the