Israel Defeats an Amorite Coalition
10:1 Adoni-Zedek, king of Jerusalem,1 heard how Joshua captured Ai and annihilated it and its king as he did Jericho2 and its king.3 He also heard how4 the people of Gibeon made peace with Israel and lived among them. 10:2 All Jerusalem was terrified5 because Gibeon was a large city, like one of the royal cities. It was larger than Ai and all its men were warriors. 10:3 So King Adoni-Zedek of Jerusalem sent this message to King Hoham of Hebron, King Piram of Jarmuth, King Japhia of Lachish, and King Debir of Eglon: 10:4 “Come to my aid6 so we can attack Gibeon, for it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites.” 10:5 So the five Amorite kings (the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon) and all their troops gathered together and advanced. They deployed their troops and fought against Gibeon.7
10:6 The men of Gibeon sent this message to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, “Do not abandon8 your subjects!9 Rescue us! Help us! For all the Amorite kings living in the hill country are attacking us.”10
10:7 So Joshua and his whole army, including the bravest warriors, marched up from Gilgal.11
10:12 The day the
“O sun, stand still over Gibeon!
O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!”
10:13 The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One.22 The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day.23
10:14 There has not been a day like it before or since. The
10:16 The five Amorite kings25 ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah.
10:17 Joshua was told, “The five kings have been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah.”
10:18 Joshua said, “Roll large stones over the mouth of the cave and post guards in front of it.26
10:19 But don’t you delay! Chase your enemies and catch them!27 Don’t allow them to retreat to28 their cities, for the
Joshua Launches a Southern Campaign
10:28 That day Joshua captured Makkedah and put the sword to it and its king. He annihilated everyone who lived in it; he left no survivors. He did to its king what he had done to the king of Jericho.45
10:29 Joshua and all Israel marched from Makkedah to Libnah and fought against it.46
10:31 Joshua and all Israel marched from Libnah to Lachish. He deployed his troops52 and fought against it.
10:34 Joshua and all Israel marched from Lachish to Eglon. They deployed troops55 and fought against it. 10:35 That day they captured it and put the sword to all who lived there. That day they56 annihilated it just as they57 had done to Lachish.
10:36 Joshua and all Israel marched up from Eglon to Hebron and fought against it. 10:37 They captured it and put the sword to its king, all its surrounding cities, and all who lived in it; they58 left no survivors. As they59 had done at Eglon, they60 annihilated it and all who lived there.
10:38 Joshua and all Israel turned to Debir and fought against it. 10:39 They61 captured it, its king, and all its surrounding cities and put the sword to them. They annihilated everyone who lived there; they62 left no survivors. They63 did to Debir and its king what they64 had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.65
10:40 Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the Negev, the lowlands,66 the slopes, and all their kings. He left no survivors. He annihilated everything that breathed, just as the