31:1 At that time I will be the God of all the clans of Israel1
and they will be my people.
Israel Will Be Restored and Join Judah in Worship
“The people of Israel who survived
death at the hands of the enemy3
will find favor in the wilderness
as they journey to find rest for themselves.
31:3 In a far-off land the
He will say to them, ‘I have loved you with an everlasting love.
That is why I have continued to be faithful to you.4
31:4 I will rebuild you, my dear children Israel,5
so that you will once again be built up.
Once again you will take up the tambourine
and join in the happy throng of dancers.6
31:5 Once again you will plant vineyards
on the hills of Samaria.7
Those who plant them
will once again enjoy their fruit.8
31:6 Yes, a time is coming
when watchmen9 will call out on the mountains of Ephraim,
“Come! Let us go to Zion
to worship the
31:7 Moreover,11 the
“Sing for joy for the descendants of Jacob.
Utter glad shouts for that foremost of the nations.12
Make your praises heard.13
Then say, ‘
Deliver those of Israel who remain alive.’14
31:8 Then I will reply,15 ‘I will bring them back from the land of the north.
I will gather them in from the distant parts of the earth.
Blind and lame people will come with them,
so will pregnant women and women about to give birth.
A vast throng of people will come back here.
31:9 They will come back shedding tears of contrition.
I will bring them back praying prayers of repentance.16
I will lead them besides streams of water,
along smooth paths where they will never stumble.17
I will do this because I am Israel’s father;
Ephraim18 is my firstborn son.’”
31:10 Hear what the
Proclaim it in the faraway lands along the sea.
Say, “The one who scattered Israel will regather them.
He will watch over his people like a shepherd watches over his flock.”
31:11 For the
He will secure their release19 from those who had overpowered them.20
31:12 They will come and shout for joy on Mount Zion.
They will be radiant with joy21 over the good things the
the grain, the fresh wine, the olive oil,
the young sheep and calves he has given to them.
They will be like a well-watered garden
and will not grow faint or weary any more.
Young men and old men will rejoice.23
I will turn their grief into gladness.
I will give them comfort and joy in place of their sorrow.
31:14 I will provide the priests with abundant provisions.24
My people will be filled to the full with the good things I provide.”
“A sound is heard in Ramah,25
a sound of crying in bitter grief.
It is the sound of Rachel weeping for her children
and refusing to be comforted, because her children are gone.”26
“Stop crying! Do not shed any more tears!28
For your heartfelt repentance29 will be rewarded.
Your children will return from the land of the enemy.
31:17 Indeed, there is hope for your posterity.31
Your children will return to their own territory.
31:18 I have indeed33 heard the people of Israel34 say mournfully,
‘We were like a calf untrained to the yoke.35
You disciplined us and we learned from it.36
Let us come back to you and we will do so,37
for you are the
31:19 For after we turned away from you we repented.
After we came to our senses38 we beat our breasts in sorrow.39
We are ashamed and humiliated
because of the disgraceful things we did previously.’40
31:20 Indeed, the people of Israel are my dear children.
They are the children I take delight in.41
For even though I must often rebuke them,
I still remember them with fondness.
So I am deeply moved with pity for them42
and will surely have compassion on them.
31:21 I will say,44 ‘My dear children of Israel,45 keep in mind
the road you took when you were carried off.46
Mark off in your minds the landmarks.
Make a mental note of telltale signs marking the way back.
Return, my dear children of Israel.
Return to these cities of yours.
31:22 How long will you vacillate,47
you who were once like an unfaithful daughter?48
For I, the
something as unique as a woman protecting a man!’”51
Judah Will Be Restored
“I will restore the people of Judah to their land and to their towns.
When I do, they will again say53 of Jerusalem,54
the place where righteousness dwells.’55
31:24 The land of Judah will be inhabited by people who live in its towns
as well as by farmers and shepherds with their flocks.56
31:25 I will fully satisfy the needs of those who are weary
and fully refresh the souls of those who are faint.57
31:26 Then they will say, ‘Under these conditions I can enjoy sweet sleep
when I wake up and look around.’”58
Israel and Judah Will Be Repopulated
31:27 “Indeed, a time is coming,”59 says the
The Lord Will Make a New Covenant with Israel and Judah
31:29 “When that time comes, people will no longer say, ‘The parents have eaten sour grapes, but the children’s teeth have grown numb.’64 31:30 Rather, each person will die for his own sins. The teeth of the person who eats the sour grapes will themselves grow numb.65
31:31 “Indeed, a time is coming,” says the
31:34 “People will no longer need to teach their neighbors and relatives to know me.81 For all of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,”82 says the
The Lord Guarantees Israel’s Continuance
He promises it as the one who fixed the sun to give light by day
and the moon and stars to give light by night.
He promises it as the one who stirs up the sea so that its waves roll.
He promises it as the one who is known as the
cease forever to be a nation in my sight.
That could only happen if the fixed ordering of the heavenly lights
were to cease to operate before me.”86
because of all that they have done.87
That could only happen if the heavens above could be measured
or the foundations of the earth below could all be explored,”88
Jerusalem Will Be Enlarged
31:38 “Indeed a time is coming,”90 says the