Deuteronomy 33

Introduction to the Blessing of Moses

33:1 This is the blessing Moses the man of God pronounced upon the Israelites before his death. 33:2 He said:

A Historical Review

The Lord came from Sinai

and revealed himself1 to Israel2 from Seir.

He appeared in splendor3 from Mount Paran,

and came forth with ten thousand holy ones.4

With his right hand he gave a fiery law5 to them.

33:3 Surely he loves the people;6

all your holy ones7 are in your power.8

And they sit9 at your feet,

each receiving10 your words.

33:4 Moses delivered to us a law,11

an inheritance for the assembly of Jacob.

33:5 The Lord12 was king over Jeshurun,13

when the leaders of the people assembled,

the tribes of Israel together.14

Blessing on Reuben

33:6 May Reuben live and not die,

and may his people multiply.15

Blessing on Judah

33:7 And this is the blessing16 to Judah. He said,

Listen, O Lord, to Judah’s voice,

and bring him to his people.

May his power be great,

and may you help him against his foes.

Blessing on Levi

33:8 Of Levi he said:

Your Thummim and Urim17 belong to your godly one,18

whose authority you challenged at Massah,19

and with whom you argued at the waters of Meribah.20

33:9 He said to his father and mother, “I have not seen him,”21

and he did not acknowledge his own brothers

or know his own children,

for they kept your word,

and guarded your covenant.

33:10 They will teach Jacob your ordinances

and Israel your law;

they will offer incense as a pleasant odor,

and a whole offering on your altar.

33:11 Bless, O Lord, his goods,

and be pleased with his efforts;

undercut the legs22 of any who attack him,

and of those who hate him, so that they cannot stand.

Blessing on Benjamin

33:12 Of Benjamin he said:

The beloved of the Lord will live safely by him;

he protects him all the time,

and the Lord23 places him on his chest.24

Blessing on Joseph

33:13 Of Joseph he said:

May the Lord bless his land

with the harvest produced by the sky,25 by the dew,

and by the depths crouching beneath;

33:14 with the harvest produced by the daylight26

and by27 the moonlight;28

33:15 with the best29 of the ancient mountains

and the harvest produced by the age-old hills;

33:16 with the harvest of the earth and its fullness

and the pleasure of him who resided in the burning bush.30

May blessing rest on Joseph’s head,

and on the top of the head of the one set apart31 from his brothers.

33:17 May the firstborn of his bull bring him honor,

and may his horns be those of a wild ox;

with them may he gore all peoples,

all the far reaches of the earth.

They are the ten thousands of Ephraim,32

and they are the thousands of Manasseh.

Blessing on Zebulun and Issachar

33:18 Of Zebulun he said:

Rejoice, Zebulun, when you go outside,

and Issachar, when you are in your tents.

33:19 They will summon peoples to the mountain,

there they will sacrifice proper33 sacrifices;

for they will enjoy34 the abundance of the seas,

and the hidden treasures of the shores.35

Blessing on Gad

33:20 Of Gad he said:

Blessed be the one who enlarges Gad.

Like a lioness he will dwell;

he will tear at an arm – indeed, a scalp.36

33:21 He has selected the best part for himself,

for the portion of the ruler37 is set aside38 there;

he came with the leaders39 of the people,

he obeyed the righteous laws of the Lord

and his ordinances with Israel.

Blessing on Dan

33:22 Of Dan he said:

Dan is a lion’s cub;

he will leap forth from Bashan.40

Blessing on Naphtali

33:23 Of Naphtali he said:

O Naphtali, overflowing with favor,

and full of the Lord’s blessing,

possess the west and south.

Blessing on Asher

33:24 Of Asher he said:

Asher is blessed with children,

may he be favored by his brothers

and may he dip his foot in olive oil.41

33:25 The bars of your gates42 will be made of iron and bronze,

and may you have lifelong strength.

General Praise and Blessing

33:26 There is no one like God, O Jeshurun,43

who rides through the sky44 to help you,

on the clouds in majesty.

33:27 The everlasting God is a refuge,

and underneath you are his eternal arms;45

he has driven out enemies before you,

and has said, “Destroy!”

33:28 Israel lives in safety,

the fountain of Jacob is quite secure,46

in a land of grain and new wine;

indeed, its heavens47 rain down dew.48

33:29 You have joy, Israel! Who is like you?

You are a people delivered by the Lord,

your protective shield

and your exalted sword.

May your enemies cringe before you;

may you trample on their backs.

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