Deuteronomy 10

The Opportunity to Begin Again

10:1 At that same time the Lord said to me, “Carve out for yourself two stone tablets like the first ones and come up the mountain to me; also make for yourself a wooden ark.1 10:2 I will write on the tablets the same words2 that were on the first tablets you broke, and you must put them into the ark.” 10:3 So I made an ark of acacia3 wood and carved out two stone tablets just like the first ones. Then I went up the mountain with the two tablets in my hands. 10:4 The Lord4 then wrote on the tablets the same words,5 the ten commandments,6 which he7 had spoken to you at the mountain from the middle of the fire at the time of that assembly, and he8 gave them to me. 10:5 Then I turned, went down the mountain, and placed the tablets into the ark I had made – they are still there, just as the Lord commanded me.

Conclusion of the Historical Resume

10:6 “During those days the Israelites traveled from Beeroth Bene-Yaaqan9 to Moserah.10 There Aaron died and was buried, and his son Eleazar became priest in his place. 10:7 From there they traveled to Gudgodah,11 and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah,12 a place of flowing streams. 10:8 At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi13 to carry the ark of the Lord’s covenant, to stand before the Lord to serve him, and to formulate blessings14 in his name, as they do to this very day. 10:9 Therefore Levi has no allotment or inheritance15 among his brothers;16 the Lord is his inheritance just as the Lord your God told him. 10:10 As for me, I stayed at the mountain as I did the first time, forty days and nights. The Lord listened to me that time as well and decided not to destroy you. 10:11 Then he17 said to me, “Get up, set out leading18 the people so they may go and possess19 the land I promised to give to their ancestors.”20

An Exhortation to Love Both God and People

10:12 Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you except to revere him,21 to obey all his commandments,22 to love him, to serve him23 with all your mind and being,24 10:13 and to keep the Lord’s commandments and statutes that I am giving25 you today for your own good? 10:14 The heavens – indeed the highest heavens – belong to the Lord your God, as does the earth and everything in it. 10:15 However, only to your ancestors did he26 show his loving favor,27 and he chose you, their descendants,28 from all peoples – as is apparent today. 10:16 Therefore, cleanse29 your heart and stop being so stubborn!30 10:17 For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God who is unbiased and takes no bribe, 10:18 who justly treats31 the orphan and widow, and who loves resident foreigners, giving them food and clothing. 10:19 So you must love the resident foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. 10:20 Revere the Lord your God, serve him, be loyal to him and take oaths only in his name. 10:21 He is the one you should praise;32 he is your God, the one who has done these great and awesome things for you that you have seen. 10:22 When your ancestors went down to Egypt, they numbered only seventy, but now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars of the sky.33

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