4:1 (3:31)1 “King Nebuchadnezzar, to all peoples, nations, and language groups that live in all the land: Peace and prosperity!2 4:2 I am delighted to tell you about the signs and wonders that the most high God has done for me.
4:3 “How great are his signs!
How mighty are his wonders!
His kingdom will last forever,3
and his authority continues from one generation to the next.”
Nebuchadnezzar Dreams of a Tree Chopped Down
4:4 (4:1)4 I, Nebuchadnezzar, was relaxing in my home,5 living luxuriously6 in my palace. 4:5 I saw a dream that7 frightened me badly. The things I imagined while lying on my bed – these visions of my mind – were terrifying me. 4:6 So I issued an order8 for all the wise men of Babylon to be brought9 before me so that they could make known to me the interpretation of the dream. 4:7 When the magicians, astrologers, wise men, and diviners entered, I recounted the dream for them. But they were unable to make known its interpretation to me. 4:8 Later Daniel entered (whose name is Belteshazzar after the name of my god,10 and in whom there is a spirit of the holy gods). I recounted the dream for him as well, 4:9 saying, “Belteshazzar, chief of the magicians, in whom I know there to be a spirit of the holy gods and whom no mystery baffles, consider11 my dream that I saw and set forth its interpretation! 4:10 Here are the visions of my mind12 while I was on my bed.
While I was watching,
there was a tree in the middle of the land.13
It was enormously tall.14
4:11 The tree grew large and strong.
Its top reached far into the sky;
it could be seen15 from the borders of all the land.16
4:12 Its foliage was attractive and its fruit plentiful;
on it there was food enough for all.
Under it the wild animals17 used to seek shade,
and in its branches the birds of the sky used to nest.
All creatures18 used to feed themselves from it.
4:13 While I was watching in my mind’s visions19 on my bed,
a holy sentinel20 came down from heaven.
4:14 He called out loudly21 as follows:22
‘Chop down the tree and lop off its branches!
Strip off its foliage
and scatter its fruit!
Let the animals flee from under it
and the birds from its branches!
4:15 But leave its taproot23 in the ground,
with a band of iron and bronze around it24
surrounded by the grass of the field.
Let it become damp with the dew of the sky,
and let it live with25 the animals in the grass of the land.
4:16 Let his mind26 be altered from that of a human being,
and let an animal’s mind be given to him,
and let seven periods of time27 go by for28 him.
4:17 This announcement is by the decree of the sentinels;
this decision is by the pronouncement of the holy ones,
so that29 those who are alive may understand
that the Most High has authority over human kingdoms,30
and he bestows them on whomever he wishes.
He establishes over them even the lowliest of human beings.’
4:18 “This is the dream that I, King Nebuchadnezzar, saw. Now you, Belteshazzar, declare its31 interpretation, for none of the wise men in32 my kingdom are able to make known to me the interpretation. But you can do so, for a spirit of the holy gods is in you.”
Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
4:19 Then Daniel (whose name is also Belteshazzar) was upset for a brief time;33 his thoughts were alarming him. The king said, “Belteshazzar, don’t let the dream and its interpretation alarm you.” But Belteshazzar replied, “Sir,34 if only the dream were for your enemies and its interpretation applied to your adversaries! 4:20 The tree that you saw that grew large and strong, whose top reached to the sky, and which could be seen35 in all the land, 4:21 whose foliage was attractive and its fruit plentiful, and from which there was food available for all, under whose branches wild animals36 used to live, and in whose branches birds of the sky used to nest – 4:22 it is you,37 O king! For you have become great and strong. Your greatness is such that it reaches to heaven, and your authority to the ends of the earth. 4:23 As for the king seeing a holy sentinel coming down from heaven and saying, ‘Chop down the tree and destroy it, but leave its taproot in the ground, with a band of iron and bronze around it, surrounded by the grass of the field. Let it become damp with the dew of the sky, and let it live with the wild animals, until seven periods of time go by for him’ – 4:24 this is the interpretation, O king! It is the decision of the Most High that this has happened to my lord the king. 4:25 You will be driven38 from human society,39 and you will live40 with the wild animals. You will be fed41 grass like oxen,42 and you will become damp with the dew of the sky. Seven periods of time will pass by for you, before43 you understand that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms and gives them to whomever he wishes. 4:26 They said to leave the taproot of the tree, for your kingdom will be restored to you when you come to understand that heaven44 rules. 4:27 Therefore, O king, may my advice be pleasing to you. Break away from your sins by doing what is right, and from your iniquities by showing mercy to the poor. Perhaps your prosperity will be prolonged.”45
4:28 Now all of this happened46 to King Nebuchadnezzar. 4:29 After twelve months, he happened to be walking around on the battlements47 of the royal palace of Babylon. 4:30 The king uttered these words: “Is this not the great Babylon that I have built for a royal residence48 by my own mighty strength49 and for my majestic honor?” 4:31 While these words were still on the king’s lips,50 a voice came down from heaven: “It is hereby announced to you,51 King Nebuchadnezzar, that your kingdom has been removed from you! 4:32 You will be driven from human society, and you will live with the wild animals. You will be fed grass like oxen, and seven periods of time will pass by for you before52 you understand that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms and gives them to whomever he wishes.”
4:33 Now in that very moment53 this pronouncement about54 Nebuchadnezzar came true.55 He was driven from human society, he ate grass like oxen, and his body became damp with the dew of the sky, until his hair became long like an eagle’s feathers, and his nails like a bird’s claws.56
4:34 But at the end of the appointed time57 I, Nebuchadnezzar, looked up58 toward heaven, and my sanity returned to me.
I extolled the Most High,
and I praised and glorified the one who lives forever.
For his authority is an everlasting authority,
and his kingdom extends from one generation to the next.
4:35 All the inhabitants of the earth are regarded as nothing.59
He does as he wishes with the army of heaven
and with those who inhabit the earth.
No one slaps60 his hand
and says to him, ‘What have you done?’
4:36 At that time my sanity returned to me. I was restored61 to the honor of my kingdom, and my splendor returned to me. My ministers and my nobles were seeking me out, and I was reinstated62 over my kingdom. I became even greater than before. 4:37 Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, for all his deeds are right and his ways are just. He is able to bring down those who live63 in pride.