1 Samuel 23
David Delivers the City of Keilah
23:1 They told David, “The Philistines are fighting in Keilah and are looting the threshing floors.”
23:2 So David asked the
23:3 But David’s men said to him, “We are afraid while we are still here in Judah! What will it be like if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?”
23:4 So David asked the
23:5 So David and his men went to Keilah and fought the Philistines. He took away their cattle and thoroughly defeated them.1 David delivered the inhabitants of Keilah.
David Eludes Saul Again
23:6 Now when Abiathar son of Ahimelech had fled to David at Keilah, he had brought with him an ephod.2 23:7 When Saul was told that David had come to Keilah, Saul said, “God has delivered3 him into my hand, for he has boxed himself into a corner by entering a city with two barred gates.”4 23:8 So Saul mustered all his army to go down to Keilah and besiege David and his men.5
23:9 When David realized that Saul was planning to harm him,6 he told Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod!”
23:10 Then David said, “O
23:13 So David and his men, who numbered about six hundred, set out and left Keilah; they moved around from one place to another.8 When told that David had escaped from Keilah, Saul called a halt to his expedition. 23:14 David stayed in the strongholds that were in the desert and in the hill country of the desert of Ziph. Saul looked for him all the time,9 but God did not deliver David10 into his hand. 23:15 David realized11 that Saul had come out to seek his life; at that time David was in Horesh in the desert of Ziph.
23:16 Then Jonathan son of Saul left and went to David at Horesh. He encouraged him12 through God.
23:17 He said to him, “Don’t be afraid! For the hand of my father Saul cannot find you. You will rule over Israel, and I will be your second in command. Even my father Saul realizes this.”
23:18 When the two of them had made a covenant before the
23:19 Then the Ziphites went up to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Isn’t David hiding among us in the strongholds at Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, south of Jeshimon? 23:20 Now at your own discretion,13 O king, come down. Delivering him into the king’s hand will be our responsibility.”
23:21 Saul replied, “May you be blessed by the
23:24 So they left and went to Ziph ahead of Saul. Now David and his men were in the desert of Maon, in the Arabah to the south of Jeshimon. 23:25 Saul and his men went to look for him.18 But David was informed and went down to the rock and stayed in the desert of Maon. When Saul heard about it, he pursued David in the desert of Maon. 23:26 Saul went on one side of the mountain, while David and his men went on the other side of the mountain. David was hurrying to get away from Saul, but Saul and his men were surrounding David and his men so they could capture them. 23:27 But a messenger came to Saul saying, “Come quickly, for the Philistines have raided the land!”
23:28 So Saul stopped pursuing David and went to confront the Philistines. Therefore that place is called Sela Hammahlekoth.19 23:29 (24:1)20 Then David went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of En Gedi.