1 Kings 20
Ben Hadad Invades Israel
20:1 Now King Ben Hadad of Syria assembled all his army, along with thirty-two other kings with their horses and chariots. He marched against Samaria1 and besieged and attacked it.2 20:2 He sent messengers to King Ahab of Israel, who was in the city.3 20:3 He said to him, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘Your silver and your gold are mine, as well as the best of your wives and sons.’” 20:4 The king of Israel replied, “It is just as you say, my master, O king. I and all I own belong to you.”
20:5 The messengers came again and said, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘I sent this message to you, “You must give me your silver, gold, wives, and sons.” 20:6 But now at this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you and they will search through your palace and your servants’ houses. They will carry away all your valuables.”4 20:7 The king of Israel summoned all the leaders5 of the land and said, “Notice how this man is looking for trouble.6 Indeed, he demanded my wives, sons, silver, and gold, and I did not resist him.” 20:8 All the leaders and people said to him, “Do not give in or agree to his demands.”7 20:9 So he said to the messengers of Ben Hadad, “Say this to my master, the king, ‘I will give you everything you demanded at first from your servant, but I am unable to agree to this latest demand.’”8 So the messengers went back and gave their report.
20:10 Ben Hadad sent another message to him, “May the gods judge me severely9 if there is enough dirt left in Samaria for my soldiers to scoop up in their hands.”10 20:11 The king of Israel replied, “Tell him the one who puts on his battle gear should not boast like one who is taking it off.”11 20:12 When Ben Hadad received this reply,12 he and the other kings were drinking in their quarters.13 He ordered his servants, “Get ready to attack!” So they got ready to attack the city.
The Lord Delivers Israel
20:13 Now a prophet visited King Ahab of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:15 So Ahab17 assembled the 232 servants of the district governors. After that he assembled all the Israelite army, numbering 7,000.18 20:16 They marched out at noon, while Ben Hadad and the thirty-two kings allied with him were drinking heavily19 in their quarters.20 20:17 The servants of the district governors led the march. When Ben Hadad sent messengers, they reported back to him, “Men are marching out of Samaria.”21 20:18 He ordered, “Whether they come in peace or to do battle, take them alive.”22 20:19 They marched out of the city with the servants of the district governors in the lead and the army behind them. 20:20 Each one struck down an enemy soldier;23 the Syrians fled and Israel chased them. King Ben Hadad of Syria escaped on horseback with some horsemen. 20:21 Then the king of Israel marched out and struck down the horses and chariots; he thoroughly defeated24 Syria.
The Lord Gives Israel Another Victory
20:22 The prophet25 visited the king of Israel and instructed him, “Go, fortify your defenses.26 Determine27 what you must do, for in the spring28 the king of Syria will attack29 you.” 20:23 Now the advisers30 of the king of Syria said to him: “Their God is a god of the mountains. That’s why they overpowered us. But if we fight them in the plains, we will certainly overpower them. 20:24 So do this: Dismiss the kings from their command, and replace them with military commanders. 20:25 Muster an army like the one you lost, with the same number of horses and chariots.31 Then we will fight them in the plains; we will certainly overpower them.” He approved their plan and did as they advised.32
20:26 In the spring33 Ben Hadad mustered the Syrian army34 and marched to Aphek to fight Israel.35
20:27 When the Israelites had mustered and had received their supplies, they marched out to face them in battle. When the Israelites deployed opposite them, they were like two small flocks36 of goats, but the Syrians filled the land.
20:28 The prophet37 visited the king of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:29 The armies were deployed opposite each other for seven days. On the seventh day the battle began, and the Israelites killed 100,000 Syrian foot soldiers in one day. 20:30 The remaining 27,000 ran to Aphek and went into the city, but the wall fell on them.39 Now Ben Hadad ran into the city and hid in an inner room.40 20:31 His advisers41 said to him, “Look, we have heard that the kings of the Israelite dynasty are kind.42 Allow us to put sackcloth around our waists and ropes on our heads43 and surrender44 to the king of Israel. Maybe he will spare our lives.” 20:32 So they put sackcloth around their waists and ropes on their heads and went to the king of Israel. They said, “Your servant45 Ben Hadad says, ‘Please let me live!’” Ahab46 replied, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”47 20:33 The men took this as a good omen and quickly accepted his offer, saying, “Ben Hadad is your brother.” Ahab48 then said, “Go, get him.” So Ben Hadad came out to him, and Ahab pulled him up into his chariot. 20:34 Ben Hadad49 said, “I will return the cities my father took from your father. You may set up markets50 in Damascus, just as my father did in Samaria.”51 Ahab then said, “I want to make a treaty with you before I dismiss you.”52 So he made a treaty with him and then dismissed him.
A Prophet Denounces Ahab’s Actions
20:35 One of the members of the prophetic guild, speaking with divine authority, ordered his companion, “Wound me!”53 But the man refused to wound him.
20:36 So the prophet54 said to him, “Because you have disobeyed the