1 Kings 15
Abijah’s Reign over Judah
15:1 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijah1 became king over Judah.
15:2 He ruled for three years in Jerusalem.2 His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom.3
15:3 He followed all the sinful practices of his father before him. He was not wholeheartedly devoted to the Lord his God, as his ancestor David had been.4
15:4 Nevertheless for David’s sake the Lord his God maintained his dynasty5 in Jerusalem by giving him a son6 to succeed him7 and by protecting Jerusalem.8
15:5 He did this9 because David had done what he approved10 and had not disregarded any of his commandments11 his entire lifetime, except for the incident involving Uriah the Hittite.
15:6 Rehoboam12 and Jeroboam were continually at war with each other throughout Abijah’s13 lifetime.
15:7 The rest of the events of Abijah’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah.14 Abijah and Jeroboam had been at war with each other.
15:8 Abijah passed away15 and was buried16 in the city of David. His son Asa replaced him as king.
Asa’s Reign over Judah
15:9 In the twentieth year of Jeroboam’s reign over Israel, Asa became the king of Judah.
15:10 He ruled for forty-one years in Jerusalem.17 His grandmother18 was Maacah daughter of Abishalom.
15:11 Asa did what the Lord approved19 like his ancestor20 David had done.
15:12 He removed the male cultic prostitutes from the land and got rid of all the disgusting idols21 his ancestors22 had made.
15:13 He also removed Maacah his grandmother23 from her position as queen because she had made a loathsome Asherah pole. Asa cut down her Asherah pole and burned it in the Kidron Valley.
15:14 The high places were not eliminated, yet Asa was wholeheartedly devoted to the Lord throughout his lifetime.24
15:15 He brought the holy items that he and his father had made into the Lord’s temple, including the silver, gold, and other articles.25
15:16 Now Asa and King Baasha of Israel were continually at war with each other.26
15:17 King Baasha of Israel attacked Judah and established Ramah as a military outpost to prevent anyone from leaving or entering the land of King Asa of Judah.27
15:18 Asa took all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and of the royal palace and handed it to his servants. He then told them to deliver it28 to Ben Hadad son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, ruler in Damascus, along with this message:
15:19 “I want to make a treaty with you, like the one our fathers made.29 See, I have sent you silver and gold as a present. Break your treaty with King Baasha of Israel, so he will retreat from my land.”30
15:20 Ben Hadad accepted King Asa’s offer and ordered his army commanders to attack the cities of Israel.31 They conquered32 Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maacah, and all the territory of Naphtali, including the region of Kinnereth.33
15:21 When Baasha heard the news, he stopped fortifying34 Ramah and settled down in Tirzah.
15:22 King Asa ordered all the men of Judah (no exemptions were granted) to carry away the stones and wood that Baasha had used to build Ramah.35 King Asa used the materials to build up36 Geba (in Benjamin) and Mizpah.
15:23 The rest of the events of Asa’s reign, including all his successes and accomplishments, as well as a record of the cities he built, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah.37 Yet when he was very old he developed a foot disease.38
15:24 Asa passed away39 and was buried with his ancestors in the city of his ancestor David. His son Jehoshaphat replaced him as king.
Nadab’s Reign over Israel
15:25 In the second year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Jeroboam’s son Nadab became the king of Israel; he ruled Israel for two years.
15:26 He did evil in the sight of40 the Lord. He followed in his father’s footsteps and encouraged Israel to sin.41
15:27 Baasha son of Ahijah, from the tribe of Issachar, conspired against Nadab42 and assassinated him in Gibbethon, which was in Philistine territory. This happened while Nadab and all the Israelite army were besieging Gibbethon.
15:28 Baasha killed him in the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah and replaced him as king.
15:29 When he became king, he executed Jeroboam’s entire family. He wiped out everyone who breathed,43 just as the Lord had predicted44 through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite.
15:30 This happened because of the sins which Jeroboam committed and which he made Israel commit. These sins angered the Lord God of Israel.45
15:31 The rest of the events of Nadab’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel.46
15:32 Asa and King Nadab of Israel were continually at war with each other.
Baasha’s Reign over Israel
15:33 In the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king over all Israel in Tirzah; he ruled for twenty-four years.
15:34 He did evil in the sight of47 the Lord; he followed in Jeroboam’s footsteps and encouraged Israel to sin.48