1sn The phrase when he defiled his father’s bed refers to Reuben having sexual relations with his father Jacob’s concubine Bilhah. This incident is recorded in Gen 35:22.

2tn Heb “and not to be listed in the genealogical records as (having) the right of the firstborn.”

3tn Heb “and [one] for a leader [was] from him.” This probably refers to the Davidic king.

4tn Heb “Tilgath-pilneser,” a variant spelling of Tiglath-pileser (also in v. 26).

5tn Heb “he”; the referent (Beerah) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6tn Heb “and in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagrites and they fell by their hand and they lived in their tents unto all the face of the east of Gilead.”

7tn Heb “and their brothers by the house of their fathers.”

8tn Heb “was the head of the house of their fathers.”

9tn Heb “unto their extremities.”

10tn Heb “the sons of Reuben and the Gadites and half of the tribe of Manasseh, from the sons of bravery, men carrying a shield and sword and treading a bow and trained for war, 44,760 going out for warfare.”

11tn Heb “made war with.”

12tn Heb “and they were helped against them and they were given over into their hand, the Hagrites and all who were with them, for to God they cried out in the battle and he was entreated [or “allowed himself to be entreated”] by them for they trusted in him.”

13tn Heb “their”; the referent (the Hagrites) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

14tn Heb “from God [was] the battle.”

15tn Heb “many slain fell.”

16tn Heb “and they lived in place of them until the exile.” The referent of “them” (the Hagrites) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

17tn Heb “and these [were] the heads of the house of their fathers.”

18tn Heb “men of names.”

19tn Heb “fathers.”

20tn Heb “prostituted themselves after.”

21tn Heb “the peoples of the land.”

22tn Heb “stirred up the spirit of.”

23tn Heb “and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria.” “Pul” and “Tilgath-pilneser” were names of the same Assyrian ruler, more commonly known as Tiglath-pileser (cf. 2 Kgs 15:29).