Covenant Between God and Man
The word testament is a derivation of the Latin word testamentum, which was used in Jeromes Vulgate to translate the Hebrew word brith, covenant. The Greek equivalent is diatheke, which also means covenant. The word has come to be used in describing the two main divisions of the Bible: The Old Testament and The New Testament. It should be understood then, that the Bible is generally to be looked at as a covenant between God and man.