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Biblical Polygamists

1. Lamech, who was Cain’s great-great-great grandson, was the first man recorded to have two wives (Adah, Zillah) (Gen. 4:19).

2. Abraham had three wives (Sarah, Hagar, and Keturah) (Gen. 23:19; 25:1; 16:3).

3. Esau had three wives (Judith, Bashemath, and Mahalath) (Gen. 26:34; 28:9).

4. Jacob had four wives (Leah, Rachel, Bilhah, and Zilpah) (Gen. 29:15-35; 30:4, 9).

5. Moses had two wives (Zipporah and the Ethiopian woman) (Ex. 18:2; Num. 12:1).

6. Gideon had many wives and 70 sons (Judges 8:30).

7. Samuel’s father, Elkanah, had two wives (Hannah, Peninnah) (1 Sam. 1:1, 2).

8. King Saul had at least two wives (Ahinoam, Rizpah) (1 Sam. 14:50; 2 Sam. 3:7).

9. David had at least eight wives (Michal, Abigail, Ahinoam, Bathsheba, Maacah, Haggith, Abital, and Eglah) plus Saul’s wives (2 Sam. 12:8).

10. Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3).

11. King Ahab had more than one wife (1 Kings 20:7).

12. King Rehoboam had 18 wives and 60 concubines (2 Chron. 11:21).

13. King Abijah who ruled over Judah had 14 wives (2 Chron. 13:21).

14. King Joash had two wives (2 Chron. 24:1-3).

15. King Ahasuerus had a harem. Two wives are mentioned by name: Vashti and Esther (Esther 1:10-12; 2:1-17).

J. L. Meredith, Meredith’s Big Book of Bible Lists, (Inspirational Press, NY; 1980), pp. 151-152