1tc Most later witnesses (D2 0278 ¤ lat sy) have καί (kai, “and”) after ἀρχαῖς (arcai", “rulers”), though the earliest and best witnesses (א A C D* F G Ψ 33 104 1739 1881) lack the conjunction. Although the καί is most likely not authentic, it has been added in translation due to the requirements of English style. For more discussion, see TCGNT 586.

2tn Or “discredit,” “damage the reputation of.”

3tn Verses 4-7 are set as poetry in NA26/NA27. These verses probably constitute the referent of the expression “this saying” in v. 8.

4tn Or “on us richly.”

5tn This is the conclusion of a single, skillfully composed sentence in Greek encompassing Titus 3:4-7. Showing the goal of God’s merciful salvation, v. 7 begins literally, “in order that, being justified…we might become heirs…”

6tn Grk “heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”

7sn This saying (Grk “the saying”) refers to the preceding citation (Titus 3:4-7). See 1 Tim 1:15; 3:1; 4:9; 2 Tim 2:11 for other occurrences of this phrase.

8tn Grk “concerning these things.”

9tn Cf. 1 Tim 1:4.

10sn Fights about the law were characteristic of the false teachers in Ephesus as well as in Crete (cf. 1 Tim 1:3-7; Titus 1:10, 14).

11tn Grk “knowing” (as a continuation of the previous clause).

12tn Grk “is perverted and is sinning.”

13tn Grk “is sinning, being self-condemned.”

14tn Grk “Eagerly help.”

15tn Although it is possible the term νομικός (nomikos) indicates an expert in Jewish religious law here, according to L&N 33.338 and 56.37 it is more probable that Zenas was a specialist in civil law.

16tn Grk “that nothing may be lacking for them.”

17tn Grk “that those who are ours” (referring to the Christians).

18tn Grk “and also let our people learn.”

19tn Or “faithfully.”

20tc Most witnesses (א2 D1 F G H Ψ 0278 ¤ lat sy bo) conclude this letter with ἀμήν (amhn, “amen”). Such a conclusion is routinely added by scribes to NT books because a few of these books originally had such an ending (cf. Rom 16:27; Gal 6:18; Jude 25). A majority of Greek witnesses have the concluding ἀμήν in every NT book except Acts, James, and 3 John (and even in these books, ἀμήν is found in some witnesses). It is thus a predictable variant. Further, early and excellent witnesses (א* A C D* 048 33 81 1739 1881 sa) lack the particle, rendering the omission the preferred reading.