1tn Heb “the heads of their families.”

2tc The MT reads here “from the sons of Shecaniah” with no descendant identified in what follows, contrary to the pattern of the context elsewhere. However, it seems better to understand the first phrase of v. 3 with the end of v. 2; the phrase would then modify the name “Hattush.” This understanding requires emending the reading מִבְּנֵי (mibb’ne, “from the sons of”) in the MT to בֵּן (ben,“[the] son of”). Cf. NAB, TEV, CEV, NLT.

3tc The MT lacks “of Zattu.” The translation adopted above follows the LXX in including the words.

4tc The MT lacks “Bani.” It is restored on the basis of certain LXX MSS.

5tn Or “those who came later.” The exact meaning of this Hebrew phrase is uncertain. It may refer to the last remaining members of Adonikam’s family who were in Babylon. So, for example, H. G. M. Williamson, Ezra, Nehemiah (WBC), 108; cf. NASB, NIV, NCV. The phrase has also been taken to mean “the younger sons (so NAB), or the ones who “returned at a later date” (so TEV).

6tc The translation reads with the Qere, the Lucianic Greek recension, the Syriac Peshitta, and the Vulgate וְזַּכּוּר (v’zakkur, “and Zaccur”) rather than the Kethib of the MT, וְזַבוּד (v’zavud, “and Zabbud”).

7tn The MT has “with him” (so NAB). The present translation (“with them”) is based on the reading of many medieval Hebrew MSS, the Lucianic Greek recension, the Syriac Peshitta, and the Vulgate (so also KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV).

8tn Or “I gathered them.”

9tn Heb “river.” So also in vv. 21, 31.

10tc The name “Elnathan” occurs twice in this list. Some, assuming an accidental repetition, would include it only once (cf. NAB).

11tn Heb “I placed in their mouth words.”

12tc The translation reads with the LXX and Vulgate וְאֶחָיו (v’ekhayv, “and his brethren” = “relatives”; so NCV, NLT) rather than the reading אָחִיו (’akhiyv, “his brother”) of the MT.

13tn Heb “in the place called.” This phrase has not been repeated in the translation for stylistic reasons.

14tn Heb “and Sherebiah.” The words “this man was” are not in the Hebrew text, but have been supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

15tn Or “relatives” (so CEV; NRSV “kin”); also in v. 19.

16tn Heb “a straight way.”

17tn A number of modern translations regard this as a collective singular and translate “from enemies” (also in v. 31).

18tn Heb “his strength and his anger.” The expression is a hendiadys (one concept expressed through two terms).

19tc The translation reads וַחֲשַׁבְיָה וְשֵׁרֵבְיָה (v’sherev’yah vakhashavyah, “and Sherebiah and Hashabiah”) rather than the reading חֲשַׁבְיָה לְשֵׁרֵבְיָה (l’sherevyah khashavyah, “to Sherebiah Hashabiah”) of the MT.

20tn Or “relatives”; or “colleagues” (cf. NLT “ten other priests”).

21tn Heb “upon their hand.”

22tn Possibly “100 silver vessels worth [?] talents” or “silver vessels weighing 100 talents.”

23map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.

24tn Heb “received.”

25tn Heb “from the hand of the enemy and the one who lies in wait.” Some modern English versions render the latter phrase as “ambushes” (cf. NASB, NRSV).

26tn Heb “upon the hand of.”

27tn The words “everything was verified” are not in the Hebrew text but have been supplied in the translation for clarity.