1tn Grk “just as we have been shown mercy”; ἠλεήθημεν (hlehqhmen) has been translated as a “divine passive” which is a circumlocution for God as the active agent. For clarity this was converted to an active construction with God as subject in the translation.

2tn Or “we do not lose heart.”

3tn L&N 13.156; the word can also mean “to assert opposition to,” thus here “we have denounced” (L&N 33.220).

4tn Grk “the hidden things [deeds] of shame”; here αἰσχύνης (aiscunh") has been translated as an attributive genitive.

5tn Or “not conducting ourselves”; Grk “not walking” (a common NT idiom for conduct, way of life, or behavior).

6tn Or “craftiness.”

7tn Or “of unbelievers.”

8tn Grk “the gospel of the glory”; δόξης (doxhs) has been translated as an attributive genitive.

9tn Or “so that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ would not be evident to them” (L&N 28.37).

10tn Or “preach.”

11tn Traditionally, “servants.” Though δοῦλος (doulos) is normally translated “servant,” the word does not bear the connotation of a free individual serving another. BDAG notes that “‘servant’ for ‘slave’ is largely confined to Biblical transl. and early American times…in normal usage at the present time the two words are carefully distinguished” (BDAG 260 s.v.). The most accurate translation is “bondservant” (sometimes found in the ASV for δοῦλος), in that it often indicates one who sells himself into slavery to another. But as this is archaic, few today understand its force.

12sn An allusion to Gen 1:3; see also Isa 9:2.

13tn Grk “the light of the knowledge of the glory”; δόξης (doxhs) has been translated as an attributive genitive.

14tc ‡ Most witnesses, including several early and important ones (46 א C H Ψ 0209 1739c ¤ sy), read ᾿Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ (Ihsou Cristou, “Jesus Christ”), while other important witnesses, especially of the Western text (D F G 0243 630 1739* 1881 lat Ambst), have Χριστοῦ ᾿Ιησοῦ. The reading with just Χριστοῦ is found in A B 33 {sa} Tert {Or Ath Chr}. Even though the witnesses for the shorter reading are not numerous, they are weighty. And in light of the natural scribal proclivity to fill out the text, particularly with reference to divine names, as well as the discrepancy among the witnesses as to the order of the names, the simple reading Χριστοῦ seems to be the best candidate for authenticity. NA27 reads ᾿Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ with ᾿Ιησοῦ in brackets, indicating doubts as to its authenticity.

15tn Grk “the surpassingness of the power”; δυνάμεως (dunamew") has been translated as an attributed genitive (“extraordinary power”).

16tn Grk “we are hard pressed [by crowds] on every side.”

17tn Or “at a loss.”

18tn Or “forsaken.”

19tn Or “badly hurt.” It is possible to interpret καταβαλλόμενοι (kataballomenoi) here as “badly hurt”: “[we are] badly hurt, but not destroyed” (L&N 20.21).

20tn The first clause of 2 Cor 4:10 is elliptical and apparently refers to the fact that Paul was constantly in danger of dying in the same way Jesus died (by violence at least). According to L&N 23.99 it could be translated, “at all times we live in the constant threat of being killed as Jesus was.”

21tn Or “may also be revealed.”

22tn Or “may also be revealed.”

23tn Grk “mortal flesh.”

24tn Or “So then.”

25tn Grk “death is at work in us, but life in you”; the phrase “is at work in” is repeated in the translation for clarity.

26tn Grk “spirit of faith according to.”

27sn A quotation from Ps 116:10.

28tn Grk “speak, because.” A new sentence was started here in the translation, with the words “We do so” supplied to preserve the connection with the preceding statement.

29tc ‡ Several important witnesses (א C D F G Ψ 1881), as well as the Byzantine text, add κύριον (kurion) here, changing the reading to “the Lord Jesus.” Although the external evidence in favor of the shorter reading is slim, the witnesses are important, early, and diverse (46 B [0243 33] 629 [630] 1175* [1739] pc r sa). Very likely scribes with pietistic motives added the word κύριον, as they were prone to do, thus compounding this title for the Lord.

30tn Or “that is abounding to.”

31tn Or “to abound.”

32tn Or “do not lose heart.”

33tn Grk “our outer man.”

34tn Grk “our inner [man].”

35tn Grk “momentary lightness of affliction.”